The first agriculture census in Bangladesh territory was undertaken on sample basis in 1960. Subsequently, agriculture censuses were conducted in 1977, 1983/84 and in 1996/97. These were done in line with the programme of 1980 series of the World Census of Agriculture, sponsored by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Out of these three censuses, only the second one conducted in 1983/84 was the full count census. The rest were all on sample basis.
The Agriculture Sample Survey 2005, conducted to meet the immediate data needs of the three years rolling plan of the Government after the 1996/97 Agriculture Census, includes the following new items: information on taking loans and their utilization, crop diversification during last five years, household population by sex, aged below and above 10 years, migration of agricultural population to other districts, etc.
The survey provides important basic information relating to the structure and operational pattern of agricultural lands and their utilization. The survey was conducted in 2005 to meet the immediate data needs of the three years rolling plan of the Government after the 1996/97 Agriculture Census.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The information collected related to information on the age and sex of household head and household members, employment in agriculture, land ownership, tenancy, land use, land under temporary and permanent crops, cultivated land, livestock and poultry farms run on commercial basis, loans taken and their uses, agriculture equipment and ownership, rural transports, cropping pattern and intensity, crop diversification etc. during the last five years.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Producers and sponsors
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
The sample design used for conducting the Agriculture Sample Survey 2005 is a stratified cluster sampling. A technical sub-committee was formed for the development of the sampling design. The sub-committee developed a stratified cluster design with Mohalla/ Mauza as cluster of households. For this survey, each agricultural household is the ultimate sampling unit (element) from which agricultural data were collected. This sample survey covered 10% of total mauzas and mahallas of the country.
Stratification: Primarily, a two-way stratification was done. The first stratification was done by locality dividing the whole country into 3 strata:
(i) Metropolitan area consisting of municipalities of 6 Metropolitan cities,
(ii) Urban area consisting of municipalities of other Zila towns,
(iii) Rural area consisting of remaining areas of the country.
The secondary stratification was done within the selected locality. A fixed number of clusters (10% mauza/mahalla) were selected in each zila/city and the selected agricultural households were interviewed in each selected cluster. This means that about 10% Mohallas were selected in samples for first 2 strata and about 10% Mauzas were selected in the third stratum. The
selected sample Mauzas were divided into 2 size classes, namely (1) Mauzas with up to 500 households and (2) Mauzas with more than 500 households. EAs were delineated with about 200 households from the selected mauzas and 300 households from the selected Mohallas. All EAs comprising of 200 or less households from mauzas of size class-1 were selected and 1/3 EAs of mauzas of size class-2 were selected at random. A total of 13,539 EAs were thus selected for enumeration.
Refer to details in the Technical Documents (Preliminarty Report).
Weighting factors were calculated separately for each stratum of urban and rural areas within each zila. This was done by dividing the number of households enumerated in the survey by the expected number of households based on the 2001 population census. These weighting factors were applied for each stratum in the zila for any variable and added up to obtain the estimated value of the variable for the Zila. The zila estimates of any variable were summed up to obtain estimates of division and similarly the division estimates were added up to get the estimate of the variable at the national level.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
With a view to collecting data with high precision in the sample survey, the officers and staff members of BBS were engaged as coordinators. The Director General, Deputy Director General, and the Programme Directors worked as National coordinators. Under their supervision and guidance, 8 Directors/Joint Directors performed their duties as Divisional coordinators. Twenty five (25) Deputy Directors worked as the Regional coordinators under the supervision and guidance of the Divisional coordinators. These Regional coordinators were assisted by 66 Zila coordinators who worked at the Zila level. The Zila coordinators were the Regional Statistical Officers or the Statistical Officers of BBS. At the Upazila level, 506 Upazila coordinators supervised the activities of zonal officers. The zonal officers were responsible for the recruitment, training and supervision of the activities of field level enumerators for data collection. In all, 312 Coordinators at various levels, 1,193 Zonal officers, and 13,539 worked as enumerators.
Data Collection Notes
All the technical activities relating to the conduct of agriculture sample survey 2005 including design of questionnaire pre-testing, sample design and survey operation were undertaken with the guidance and approval of the 22-member Technical Committee headed by the Director General Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
For successful implementation of enumeration, Zila and Upazila Survey Committees were formed with member of parliament concerned as adviser.
A well planned publicity campaign of the sample survey operation was launched with a view to generating public awareness.
A draft enumeration questionnaire based on the 1996 agriculture census questionnaire with some revisions was pre-tested in the field in a few spots with respect to their feasibility of inclusion in the survey. The results of the pre-test were reviewed and another version of the sample enumeration form was prepared and was placed before the Technical Sub-Committee for adoption in the sample survey. The Technical Sub-Committee considered the results and recommendation of the pre-test in a number of meetings and finally approved.
About 13,539 enumerators, who participated in data collection process at the field level, were selected from amongst the local educated unemployed youths. An elaborate training programme for imparting uniform and effective training to personnel of all levels on Agriculture Sample Survey was chalked out. A verbatim training manual was developed for this purpose. A field manual detailing every pros and cons of the field operations, collecting information, survey calendar, specifying duties and responsibilities of officers of all levels, supervisors and enumerators including the responsibilities of the survey committees were developed.
Three tiers of training:
i) Dhaka for RCCs & DCCs
ii) Zila for UCCs & Zonal officers
iii) Zonal Cen tre (Upazila) for supervisors and enumerators for two days at Zone level
Refer to Technical Documents for details.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
The schedule-1 (short questionnaire), which was canvassed and used for collecting data on agriculture in the 10% sample enumeration, contained the following information:
• Household members
• Agricultural labour
• Land ownership
• Land use
• Area under permanent crops
• Area under temporary crops
• Area under bamboo bushes
• Area under ponds
• Homestead land
• Current fallow land
• Cultivated land
• Commercial farms
• Loan taken and use of loan
• Livestock and poultry
• Use of agricultural equipments
• Employment in agriculture
• Farm transports
• Farm population, etc.
The zonal officer at his respective zone of the Upazila received all filled-in questionnaires just after completion of the enumeration as per schedule. Steps were taken to train zonal officers and supervisors for manual editing and checking of the filled in schedules in the field. Training was imparted to the Zonal Officers and Upazila Co-ordinators for ensuring consistencies of the critical items of information. To eliminate errors made by both respondents and interviewers in the field, a good number of unemployed and educated youths (enumerators and supervisors) edited all the items of the schedule carefully to ensure consistencies. A ten-day editing programme was allowed for editing Schedule-1 (short questionnaire) and Form-16 (summary information of every household) at Upazila level. In some identified cases, imputation of missing data in Schedule-1 as well as in Form-16 was made by them through spot verification.
Edited data at the field level were quickly encoded through a specially developed computer programme in Dhaka. Data entry operators worked in successive two shifts in a day. Thus, processing of data in Form-16 was completed in time. The compilation of data processing became possible in the shortest possible time mainly due to the introduction of editing system at the Upazila level.
The dataset has been anonymized and is available as a Public Use Dataset. It is accessible to all for statistical and research purposes only, under the following terms and conditions:
1. The data and other materials will not be redistributed or sold to other individuals, institutions, or organizations without the written agreement of the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
2. The data will be used for statistical and scientific research purposes only. They will be used solely for reporting of aggregated information, and not for investigation of specific individuals or organizations.
3. No attempt will be made to re-identify respondents, and no use will be made of the identity of any person or establishment discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
4. No attempt will be made to produce links among datasets provided by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, or among data from the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics and other datasets that could identify individuals or organizations.
5. Any books, articles, conference papers, theses, dissertations, reports, or other publications that employ data obtained from the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics will cite the source of data in accordance with the Citation Requirement provided with each dataset.
6. An electronic copy of all reports and publications based on the requested data will be sent to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
The original collector of the data, the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, and the relevant funding agencies bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Bangladesh Agriculture Sample Survey 2005. Dataset downloaded from <http://www.bbs.gov.bd/Home.aspx> on [date].
The user of the data acknowledges that the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, the International Household Survey Network, and The World Bank bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
(c) 2005, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
DDI Document ID
World Bank, Development Economics Data Group
Production of metadata
Accelerated Data Program, Asia
Production of metadata
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 2.0: (May 2011) This version adds/edits information to version 01_M, specifically on Study Description, literal/pre/post questions, category labels, and variable documentation (Statistics, Weights, Definitions).