In the 64th round survey, a separate schedule on employment and unemployment (Schedule 10.2), with provision for collecting information on migration particulars, will be canvassed.
The broad structure of the employment and unemployment part of Schedule 10.2 will be the same as that of the schedule canvassed during the NSS 60th round with the following modifications:
a) Information on vocational training will not be collected.
b) Particulars of persons unemployed on all the 7 days will not be collected in the present round.
The scope for collecting information on migration particulars has been enlarged with the provision for collecting information on:
a) Migration particulars of the households which migrated to the place of enumeration during the last 365 days, such as location of last usual residence, pattern of migration and reason for migration.
b) Particulars of out-migrants who migrated out to other village/ town, from the household, any time in the past, such as present place of residence, reason for migration, period since leaving the household, whether presently engaged in any economic activity, whether sent remittances, number of times and amount of remittances sent during last 365 days.
c) Use of remittances received by the households during last 365 days from the members who migrated out any time in the past.
d) Migration particulars of the household members, as follows:
i. For the members whose place of enumeration is different from the last usual place of residence (upr): nature of movement, period since leaving last upr, particulars of last upr, usual activity status at the time of migration, reason for leaving last upr.
ii. For the household members who had stayed away for employment or in search of employment for a period of 30 days to 6 months: number of spells of duration of 15 days or more, destination for longest spell and industry of work, if worked, for the longest duration of work.
iii. Information on return migration.
For collecting and recording of household principal industry and industry of work of household members NIC-2004 will be used. It is important to note that the industry Divisions 96 and 97 of NIC-2004 will not be used for the purpose of collection of information on industry of activity. The entire activities described under Division 97 are not under the production boundary of Indian System of National Accounts (ISNA) and are not also considered as economic activities in the NSS survey. A part of the activities under Division 96 (viz., hunting and gathering, farming and the production of shelter), which is within the production boundary of ISNA, is also considered as economic activities in NSS surveys and the industry of these undifferentiated activities will be judged in the usual manner as is done now, by considering the industry in which major time is spent. Thus, this part of activities will get classified against the respective industries under divisions 01-14 relating to the primary sector or 45 relating to construction. The rest of Division 96 is outside the production boundary of ISNA and will not be considered as economic activity for the NSS survey.
Information on household principal occupation and on the type of occupation for the workers according to usual status and current status will be collected using 3-digit NCO-2004 codes.
It is to be noted that the existing activity status code 41 (casual wage labour in public works) has been split into two codes for assigning activity status codes as per current daily activity status and current weekly activity status, as follows:
a) worked as casual wage labour in public works other than National Rural Employment Guarantee (NREG) public works - 41.
b) worked as casual wage labour in National Rural Employment Guarantee (NREG) public works - 42.
However, as in the earlier NSS surveys on employment and unemployment, in the usual status activity status, code 41 will be used for casual wage labour in public works, which will include all types of public works and code 42 will not be applicable in the usual activity status.
SUMMARY DESCRIPTION OF THE SCHEDULE
The present round, Schedule 10.2 on employment-unemployment and migration particulars consists of 12 blocks, including sub-block 3.1.
The first three blocks, viz. Blocks 0, 1 and 2, are used to record identification of sample households and particulars of field operations, as is the common practice in usual NSS rounds.
Blocks 8, 9 and 10 are for recording the remarks of investigator/senior investigator, superintendent/senior superintendent and other supervisory officer, respectively.
Of the remaining blocks, Block 3 is for recording the household characteristics like household size, household industry, occupation, religion, social group, household type, land possessed, migration particulars of the households which migrated to the place of enumeration during the last 365 days, amount of remittances received and use of remittances by those households from which there were some out-migrants and monthly household consumer expenditure, etc.
Block 3.1 is for recording the particulars of out-migrants who migrated out from the household any time in the past.
Block 4 is for recording the demographic particulars, usual activity particulars, both principal and subsidiary, of all the household members.
The daily time disposition for different activities, for each of the seven days prior to the date of survey, along with the particulars of the activities, such as status, industry, operation (for rural areas only), etc. will be recorded for each of the household members in Block 5. For the regular wage/salaried employee and casual labourers, wage and salary earnings will also be collected in this block. Besides, the current weekly status (cws) will be derived in this block from the daily time disposition data.
In Block 6, information will be collected, from each household member, on whether stayed away from the village/town for a period of 30 days or more but less than 6 months during the last 365 days and whether the place of enumeration is different from the last upr. For those household members, who had stayed away for a period of 30 days or more but less than 6 months from a household, information will be collected regarding number of spells, destination during longest spell and if worked, industry of work at 2- digit level of NIC-2004 for the longest duration of work. Besides, for those household members whose last upr is different from the present place of enumeration, details will be collected such as whether a return migrant, nature of movement, period since leaving last usual place of residence, particulars of last usual place of residence, usual activity status at the time of migration, reason for migration, etc.
In block 7, 19 items have been put for collection of information on household consumer expenditure. The information on household consumer expenditure derived from this block will be used as classificatory variable for analysis of employment-unemployment and migration data.