National Sample Survey 2003 (59th round) - Schedule 33 - Situation Assessment Survey of Farmers
Other Household Survey [hh/oth]
The millions of farmers of India have made significant contributions in providing food and nutrition to the entire nation and provided livelihood to millions of people of the country. During the five decades of planned economic development, India has moved from food-shortage and imports to self-sufficiency and exports. Food security and well being of the farmer appears to be major areas of concern of the planners of Indian agriculture. In order to have a snapshot picture of the farming community at the commencement of the third millennium and to analyze the impact of the transformation induced by public policy, investments and technological change on the farmers' access to resources and income as well as well-being of the farmer households at the end of five decades of planned economic development, Ministry of Agriculture have decided to collect information on Indian farmers through “Situation Assessment Survey” (SAS) on Indian farmers and entrusted the job of conducting the survey to National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO).
The Situation Assessment Survey of Farmers is the first of its kind to be conducted by NSSO. Though information on a majority of items to be collected through SAS have been collected in some round or other of NSS, an integrated schedule, viz., Schedule 33, covering some basic characteristics of farmer households and their access to basic and modern farming resources will be canvassed for the first time in SAS. Moreover, information on consumption of various goods and services in an abridged form are also to be collected to have an idea about the pattern of consumption expenditure of the farmer households.
Schedule 33 is designed for collection of information on aspects relating to farming and other socio-economic characteristics of farmer households. The information will be collected in two visits to the same set of sample households. The first visit will be made during January to August 2003 and the second, during September to December 2003. The survey will be conducted in rural areas only. It will be canvassed in the Central Sample except for the States of Maharashtra and Meghalaya where it will be canvassed in both State and Central samples.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of Situation Assessment Survey includes:
- Household characteristics
- Demographic and other particulars of household members (viz., relation to head, sex, age, marital status and general education), nature of work, current weekly status, wage and salary earnings etc.
- Perception of household regarding sufficiency of food
- Perceptions regarding some general aspects of farming
- Particulars of land possessed during Kharif/Rabi
- Area under irrigation during Kharif/Rabi
- Some particulars of farming resources used for cultivation during Kharif / Rabi
- Use of energy during
- Loans and other liabilities payable by the household
- Access to modern agricultural technology
- Purchase and sale of productive assets
- Expenses and receipts (in Rs) for cultivation (information on expenses incurred towards cultivation and receipts obtained from output and/or value of by products of the cultivated products)
- Expenses and receipts (in Rs) on farming of animals
- Expenses on non-farm business
- Receipts for running non-farm business
- Consumption of food, pan, tobacco and intoxicants
- Consumption of clothing, footwear
- Expenditure on education and medical (institutional) goods and services
- Expenditure on miscellaneous goods and services including medical (non-institutional), rents and taxes
- Expenditure for purchase and construction (including repair and maintenance) of durable goods for domestic use
The survey covered rural sector of Indian Union except (i) Leh (Ladakh) and Kargil districts of Jammu & Kashmir, (ii) interior villages of Nagaland situated beyond five kilometres of the bus route and (iii) villages in Andaman and Nicobar Islands which remain inaccessible throughout the year.
Producers and sponsors
National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO)
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI)
Outline of sample design: A stratified multi-stage design has been adopted for the 59th round survey. The first stage unit (FSU) is the census village in the rural sector and UFS block in the urban sector. The ultimate stage units (USUs) will be households in both the sectors. Hamlet-group / sub-block will constitute the intermediate stage if these are formed in the selected area.
Sampling Frame for First Stage Units: For rural areas, the list of villages (panchayat wards for Kerala) as per Population Census 1991 and for urban areas the latest UFS frame, will be used as sampling frame. For stratification of towns by size class, provisional population of towns as per Census 2001 will be used.
Rural sector: Two special strata will be formed at the State/ UT level, viz.
- Stratum 1: all FSUs with population between 0 to 50 and
- Stratum 2: FSUs with population more than 15,000.
Special stratum 1 will be formed if at least 50 such FSU's are found in a State/UT. Similarly, special stratum 2 will be formed if at least 4 such FSUs are found in a State/UT. Otherwise, such FSUs will be merged with the general strata.
From FSUs other than those covered under special strata 1 & 2, general strata will be formed and its numbering will start from 3. Each district of a State/UT will be normally treated as a separate stratum. However, if the census rural population of the district is greater than or equal to 2 million as per population census 1991 or 2.5 million as per population census 2001, the district will be split into two or more strata, by grouping contiguous tehsils to form strata. However, in Gujarat, some districts are not wholly included in an NSS region. In such cases, the part of the district falling in an NSS region will constitute a separate stratum.
Urban sector: In the urban sector, strata will be formed within each NSS region on the basis of size class of towns as per Population Census 2001. The stratum numbers and their composition (within each region) are given below.
- stratum 1: all towns with population less than 50,000
- stratum 2: all towns with population 50,000 or more but less than 2 lakhs
- stratum 3: all towns with population 2 lakhs or more but less than 10 lakhs
- stratum 4, 5, 6, ...: each city with population 10 lakhs or more
The stratum numbers will remain as above even if, in some regions, some of the strata are not formed.
Total sample size (FSUs): 10736 FSUs have been allocated at all-India level on the basis of investigator strength in different States/UTs for central sample and 11624 for state sample.
Allocation of total sample to States and UTs: The total number of sample FSUs is allocated to the States and UTs in proportion to provisional population as per Census 2001 subject to the availability of investigators ensuring more or less uniform work-load.
Allocation of State/UT level sample to rural and urban sectors: State/UT level sample is allocated between two sectors in proportion to provisional population as per Census 2001 with 1.5 weightage to urban sector subject to the restriction that urban sample size for bigger states like Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu etc. should not exceed the rural sample size. Earlier practice of giving double weightage to urban sector has been modified considering the fact that two main topics (sch. 18.1 and sch 33) are rural based and there has been considerable growth in urban population. More samples have been allocated to rural sector of Meghalaya state sample at the request of the DES, Meghalaya.
The sample sizes by sector and State/UT are given in Table 1 at the end of this Chapter.
Allocation to strata: Within each sector of a State/UT, the respective sample size will be allocated to the different strata in proportion to the stratum population as per census 2001. Allocations at stratum level will be adjusted to a multiple of 2 with a minimum sample size of 2. However, attempt will be made to allocate a multiple of 4 FSUs to a stratum as far as possible.
Selection of FSUs: FSUs will be selected with Probability Proportional to Size with replacement (PPSWR), size being the population as per population census 1991 in all the strata for rural sector except for stratum 1. In stratum 1 of rural sector and in all the strata of urban sector, selection will be done using Simple Random Sampling without replacement (SRSWOR). Samples will be drawn in the form of two independent sub-samples.
Note: Detail sampling procedure is provided as external resource.
Dates of Data Collection
Sub round 1
Sub round 2
Data Collection Mode
National Sample Survey Organisation
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
Schedule 33 (Situation Assessment Survey) has been split into several blocks to obtain detailed information on various aspects of farmer households.
Block 0- Descriptive identification of sample household: This block is meant for recording descriptive identification particulars of a sample household.
Block 1- Identification of sample household: items 1 to 12: The identification particulars for items 1, 6 - 11 will be copied from the corresponding items of block 1 of listing schedule (Sch.0.0). The particulars to be recorded in items 2, 3, 4 and 5 have already been printed in the schedule.
Block 2- Particulars of field operation: The identity of the Investigator, Assistant Superintendent and Superintendent associated, date of survey/inspection/scrutiny of schedules, despatch, etc., will be recorded in this block against the appropriate items in the relevant columns.
Block 3- Household characteristics: Characteristics which are mainly intended to be used to classify the households for tabulation will be recorded in this block.
Block 4- Demographic and other particulars of household members: All members of the sample household will be listed in this block. Demographic particulars (viz., relation to head, sex, age, marital status and general education), nature of work, current weekly status, wage and salary earnings etc. will be recorded for each member using one line for one member.
Block 5- Perception of household regarding sufficiency of food: This block will record information about perception of households regarding sufficiency of food.
Block 6- Perceptions regarding some general aspects of farming: In this block some information regarding perception of the farmer household about some general aspects of farming are to be recorded.
Block 7- Particulars of land possessed during Kharif/Rabi: This block is designed to record information regarding the land on which farming activities are carried out by the farmer household during Kharif/Rabi.
Block 8- Area under irrigation during Kharif/Rabi: In this block information regarding the area under irrigation during last 365 days for different crops will be recorded according to the source of irrigation.
Block 9- Some particulars of farming resources used for cultivation during Kharif / Rabi: Information regarding farming resources used for cultivation during the last 365 days will be ascertained from the farmer households and will be recorded in this block.
Block 10- Use of energy during last 365 days: This block will be filled in visit 1 only. Energy is one of the major resources used extensively for farming and all other purposes. This block is designed to collect information on different aspects of energy used for farming.
Block 11- Loans and other liabilities payable by the household as on the date of survey: This block will be filled in visit 1 only. In this block, information will be collected in respect of all kind loans whether cash and kind subject to the amount of Rs 300 for a loan/liability.
Block 12- Access to modern agricultural technology: This block is designed to record information on farmers' access to modern agricultural technology.
Block 13- Purchase and sale of productive assets during July to December 2002/January to June 2003: This block is meant for recording number of productive assets owned as on the date of survey and expenditure incurred for purchase and/or major repair of such assets (if applicable) and income received from sale of these assets during the reference period July to December 2002 for visit 1 schedule and January to June 2003 for visit 2.
Block 14- Expenses and receipts (in Rs) for cultivation during July to December 2002/January to June 2003: This block is designed to collect information on expenses incurred towards cultivation and receipts obtained from output and/or value of by products of the cultivated products.
Block 15- Expenses and receipts (in Rs) on farming of animals during last 30 days: This block will be used to record the expenditure and receipts for livestock farming during the last 30 days.
Block 16- Expenses on non-farm business during last 30 days: In this block, expenses for running non-farm business of the household will be collected.
Block 17- Receipts for non-farm business during last 30 days: In this block receipts for running non-farm business of the household will be collected.
Block 18- Consumption of food, pan, tobacco and intoxicants: In this block information on consumption of some broad groups of items of food, pan, tobacco and intoxicants for the household for a reference period of 30 days preceding the date of survey will be collected.
Block 19- Consumption of clothing, footwear: In this block, information on value of consumption of all items of clothing and footwear will be collected in whole number of rupees.
Blocks 20- Expenditure on education and medical (institutional) goods and services: Under this block, information will be collected on educational and institutional medical expenses incurred during the last 365 days preceding the date of survey.
Block 21- Expenditure on miscellaneous goods and services including medical (non-institutional), rents and taxes: In this block, relating to miscellaneous goods and services, information will be collected on the expenditure for purchase of these items during the reference period.
Block 22- Expenditure for purchase and construction (including repair and maintenance) of durable goods for domestic use: Information on expenditure incurred for purchase and cost of raw materials and services for construction and repairs of durable goods for domestic use during the last 365 days will be collected in this block.
Block 23- Remarks by investigator: The blank space provided in this block is meant for putting down remarks and observations of the investigator.
Block 24- Remarks by supervisory officer(s): The blank space provided in this block is meant for putting down remarks of the supervisory officer(s) during various stages of supervision and scrutiny.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.