In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
Part of MICS2, an international survey initiative to monitor the situation of children and women, covering health, education, child protection and HIV/AIDS; it includes vaccination, contraceptive use and symptoms like diarrhea, cough and fever.Most Filipinos know that children inherently have rights. The 1999 MICS finds that majority of women and caretakers of children can easily identify a child’s right to have education. This survey also suggests that significant advances have been achieved in the areas of elementary school participation rate, birth registration, and prenatal care of pregnant women. However, the 1999 MICS indicates that government and private agencies should focus on the areas of micronutrient supplementation, consumption of iodized salt, early childhood education participation, child labor, and HIV-AIDS awareness.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household, Women, Children.
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011
The scope of Philippines 1999 MICS includes:
- Household listing
- Child labor
- Salt iodization
- Tetanus toxoid
- Maternal and newborn health
- Birth registration
- Vitamin A
- Care of illness
Producers and sponsors
National Statistical Cooperation Board
In the 1999 MICS, a household pertains to a group of persons who share and take their meals together but live in separate and adjacent living quarters for convenience.
Of the 7,680 households selected for the 1999 MICS sample, 7,556 were completely interviewed. This yielded a high response rate of 98.4 percent. The response rates in both rural (99 percent) and urban areas (98 percent) were considerably high.
In these households, 9,615 women aged 15-49 were identified as eligible for an interview. Of these, 9,424 were successfully interviewed, yielding a response rate of 98 percent. In addition, 4,705 children under age five were listed in the household questionnaire. Questionnaires were completed for 4,639 children for a response rate of 98 percent.
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
Documentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01 (June 2011) - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library