The Living Standards Measurement Study surveys were originally developed by the World Bank in 1980 to improve the quality of household data collected by statistical offices in developing countries. LSMS data were intended to contribute to the design of development policies by providing a richer empirical foundation for policy dialogue. The Guyana LSMS survey gathered data specifically designed to measure poverty and social welfare.
The World Bank's Living Standard Measurement Study (LSMS) was adapted for use in Guyana and administered in early 1993 as part of the Guyana Bureau of Statistics' year-long Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES). Because the LSMS survey was to take place at about the same time as the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES), it was decided to link the two surveys. The HIES questionnaire substituted for the normal LSMS modules on income, expenditures, labor activities, household businesses, housing, durable goods, and savings. The LSMS questionnaire focused only on health, education, migration, fertility, and anthropometrics.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The LSMS questionnaire covered the following areas:
- Household members
Producers and sponsors
Bureau of Statistics
Ministry of Finance
The World Bank
The LSMS survey was administered in conjunction with the third subround of the HIES. This required an additional visit by interviewers to each of the approximately 1,800 households selected in this round. Another subsequent visit was made to households with children younger than 5 years of age to collect anthropometric data. Fieldwork was carried out between January and July 1993. Data entry began in March 1993 and concluded in August 1993.
Dates of Data Collection
HIES for expenditure
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The LSMS survey instrument was developed by the World Bank and was reviewed and modified by representatives from GBS, SIMAP, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education, Guyana Agency for Health, Environment and Food, the Georgetown School of Nursing, and the Guyana Responsible Parenthood Association. Survey implementation, including the training of enumerators and interviewers in field work and data entry, was the responsibility of GBS with supervision from the World Bank.
Interviewers made at least two visits to each household. In cases in which children under the age of five were present, a third visit was made to carry out the anthropometric component. The first visit was for the purpose of completing the HIES. The second visit, usually occurring within two-weeks of the first visit, was used to correct any problems or omissions encountered during data entry of the HIES, and to administer the LSMS. After a review of each completed LSMS questionnaire by the field supervisor, it was returned to the head office in Georgetown for initial coding and data entry. Before the LSMS was returned to the field for the anthropometric visit, the first round of data entry was completed. If inconsistencies in the data were found, the enumerator was responsible for correcting the relevant portions of the questionnaire, accompanying the anthropometric visit when possible. No follow-up visits subsequent to the administration of the anthropometric module were attempted in interior regions due to prohibitive logistics and transportation costs.
The LSMS questionnaire contained the following modules:
- Household Roster: The LSMS was administered approximately two weeks following the HIES. Much of the cover section of the LSMS household information was copied directly from the HIES prior to the interview. This was to minimize the possibility of a household's LSMS not being matched with its HIES. Following the cover section, the LSMS contained five modules. The "Interviewer Manual" provides detailed descriptions of all items in the survey.
- Health Module : This schedule contained items concerning the health status of all members of the household, specifically about any illness experienced during the previous 30 days: its length; the use of medical facilities for the illness; the amount spent on its treatment; the kinds and costs of medications; and the satisfaction with medical interventions. Also collected were data concerning the use of the National Insurance Scheme, preventive care, and specific items regarding pregnancy, breastfeeding and the presence of infants.
- Education Module: Information concerning the schooling of each household member over the age of three years was collected, including the level completed, type of school, years repeated, access to meals and textbooks, distance traveled, and several categories of associated expenditures. Attention should be paid to the expenditure data. Some items request monthly expenditures. Others collect annual expenditures.
- Migration Module. This section collected information about individuals who at the time of the interview had lived away from the household for more than six months. These individuals were not counted on the household roster and did not appear in HIES data. Information regarding the location of the individual, her/his reason for leaving, and whether or not contributions to the family were made. Because data on international remittances were collected in the HIES, the amount of the remittances was not recorded here. It was felt that respondents would be unwilling to answer too many questions about transfers from abroad.
- Fertility Module. This section collected information about the pregnancy, birthing, and contraceptive practices of women in the household between the ages 13 and 49. Only one member of the household was interviewed for this section. The interviewer consulted a previously prepared list of randomly ordered ID numbers and selected the first one corresponding to an eligible member of the household being interviewed. ID numbers were established when the household roster was completed using information from the HIES. The ID code was a number between 01 and 12. Selecting a number randomly avoided selection bias on the part of the interviewer.
- Anthropometry Module. During the initial LSMS interview, the interviewer indicated whether any children under the age of five years were present. For households with such children, a return visit by a team of nursing students, was made to collect data on the children.
- Anthropometric measurements gathered were standing height (taken for children between two and five years of age), recumbent length (taken lying down on children less than two years of age) and weight of pre-school age children (less than five years of age). Immunizations received, breastfeeding, other dietary and vitamin supplement data were also collected.
A data entry program was developed for the LSMS data by Sistemas Integrales in Santiago, Chile. The program consisted of a series of computer screens designed to resemble the questionnaire and was programmed to perform a number of data verification tasks automatically. These included flagging omitted, out-of-range and inconsistent responses. Those questionnaires which were identified as having inconsistent responses were returned to the field for additional data or clarification.
LSMS Data Manager
The World Bank
The data from the 1992 Guyana Living Standards Measurement Study Survey can only be distributed with the permission of the Guyana Bureau of Statistics. For information, contact:
Bureau of Statistics
Avenue of the Republic & Brickdam
P.O. Box 1070
Georgetown, Guyana, South America
e:mail firstname.lastname@example.org <mailto:email@example.com>
You should explain how you plan to use the data and that you will ask the World Bank to provide the data. Once you receive permission, we can distribute the data. If you would like to receive a copy of the data from our archives, we would need to receive:
* a brief description of your research proposal; and
* a copy of the permission from the Guyanese government.
The documentation and data will be sent to you on CD because the files are too large to send by e-mail. In receiving the data you would be agreeing to:
* give recognition to the statistical institute that gathered the data as the source of the data in all publications, conference papers and manuscripts;
* make copies of all reports and documents resulting from the research on the data available to the statistical institute and to the Poverty and Human Resources Division of the World Bank; and
* not pass the data to any third parties for any reasons.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Bureau of Statistics and The World Bank. Guyana Living Standards Measurements Survey (LSMS) 1992. Ref. GUY_1992_GLSS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://microdata.worldbank.org on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.