The first known exercise in collecting data on artisanship and processing of primary products was undertaken during the time of Rana Prime Minister Juddha Shumshere Rana. But, it was not a nationwide exercise only concentrated in Kathmandu. Formal data collection of industrial activities on a regular basis was started after established of the Central Bureau of Statistics. Central Bureau of Statistics is a national agency for collection, management and production of statistics under the Statistical Act of 1958. The first Census of Manufacturing Establishments (CME) was carried out in 1964/65 (2022 B.S.). The second census was carried out 8 years later in 1972/73 (2030 B.S.). Thereafter, the CMEs have been carried out in 5 years intervals. The CME covers all units of establishment that engaged 10 or more persons. These units may or may not use power or auto machines in their industrial operations. This coverage is adopted in CMEs since 1991/92. Before 1991/92, i.e., up to the fifth CME, it covers all manufacturing establishments engaging 10 or more persons or using auto machines irrespective of persons engaged.
This CME 2001/02 is the eighth in the series.
The Central Bureau of Statistics has been conducting the Census of Manufacturing Establishment every five year. This report contains the numerical result of CME 2001/02, which is the eighth in the serial. As per the international practice, the industries in this report are classified according to Nepal Standard Industrial Classification (NSIC), which in turn is based on International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC).The objective of the census is to fill the gap of information about the changes taking place in the manufacturing sector of the economy. The census covers all manufacturing establishments engaging 10 or more persons. The reference period for the census was the fiscal year 2001/02.
Ten (10) indicators including number of establishments, number of persons engaged, number of employees, wages and salaries, change in stocks at the end of the year, gross addition to fixed assets, gross fixed assets at the end of the year, census input, census output and census value added are defined as principal indicators. The principal indicator tables of Nepal and Urban/Rural areas are prepared by legal status, ownership, number of persons engaged and size of fixed assets and by NSIC at 4 digit levels in the National Report. But the principal indicator by legal status, ownership, number of persons engaged, and size of fixed assets and by NSIC at 4 digit level are also kept in the District Level report.
The CME-2001/02 reveals that the number of operating establishments has declined in comparison to the last census (1996/1997). Similarly, the number of persons engaged has also declined. However, the census output and value-added has increased during the same period.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
Manufacturing establishment engaging 10 or more employees.
Version 01: Cleaned, edited and not anonymized, for CBS internal use only.
The scope of the CME 2001-02 includes all manufacturing establishments of major division 'D' of the Nepal Standard Industrial Classification 2000. In general, manufacturing establishments are classified on the basis of the principal type of products produced. There are following 23 Divisions, 53 Groups and 117 Classes of Major Division “D”, that is, "Manufacturing and Recycling" in the NSIC.
The distribution of the NSIC by division, group and class provided in the document named: Major_Division_D_Distrbution.
With respect to subjects concerned, CME provides the following information as included in the questionnaire:
- Total number of manufacturing establishments engaging 10 or more persons;
- Legal status, ownership and major manufacturing activity of the establishments;
- Employment (no. of employees by sex and citizenship and their emoluments);
- Quantity and value of production, purchase and sale of fuel;
- Quantity and value of raw material purchased by CPC and country;
- Quantity and value of production and sale of product by CPC and country;
- Opening and closing stock amount of fuel, raw materials, finished goods, semi-finished goods;
- Income from and expenditure of industrial services;
- Income from and expenditure of non-industrial services;
- Amount of indirect taxes paid, e.g. VAT, excise duty, import duty, export duty, etc.;
- Capital formation and fixed assets;
- Capacity utilization;
- Major problems faced by the establishments during the reference period.
All operational manufacturing establishments during the reference period (mid July 2001 to mid July2002) engaging 10 or more persons.
Producers and sponsors
Central Bureau of Statistics
Government of Nepal
Government of Nepal
Federation of Nepal Chamber of Commerce
Private Sector of Nepal
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Face-to-face [f2f]; Self-administered
Interviews were conducted by trained enumerators of 33 Branch Statistics Offices (BSOs) as 33 teams. The supervision was done jointly by Statistics Officers of BSOs and officials of the Establishment Census and Survey Section (ECSS) of CBS. The role of the BSO officer was to coordinate field data collection activities and Local supervision in their respective districts. The role of the chief of the ECSS of CBS was to manage and coordinate BSO's work, including supplies of survey equipment, finances and Central supervision.
Data Collection Notes
A pilot survey was carried out during the fiscal year 2001/2002 in three districts of each ecological belt.
The census field work carried out with the help of the personnel of the Branch Statistics offices located in 33 districts of the country.
Branch Statistics Offices
Central Bureau of Statistics
The questionnaire for the CME is a structured questionnaire based on the recommendation of industrial Statistics Division of UNIDO. It was designed to fulfill the National Accounts requirements. It contains 17 sections as stated below:
1. Introduction: Name of Establishment, Address, Date of operation
2. Economic Organization (only for incorporated establishments): Name of the enterprise (company, corporate)
3. Legal Status: Personal, Partnership, Private LTD, Public LTD
4. Ownership: Government of Nepal, Private, Joint Venture with Government of Nepal, Domestic (Private) and International (Private)
5. Major Activity: Name of Prime product of goods
6. Employment: Working proprietors and active business Partners, Family Member and Other Person, Production workers, Administrative Employee, Technical Employee
7. Production, Purchase and Sale of Fuels: Fire wood, Diesel, Petrol, Kerosene, L.P.G. Gas, Electricity
8. Expenditure for industrial services: For works done by others in contract, Annual repair and maintenance, Cost of goods purchased for resale
9. Cost of Raw Materials Purchased: From Domestic, India, Third country
10. Production and Product Sold: In Domestic, India, Third country
11. Income for industrial services: Work done for others in contract, Repair and maintenance for others, Receipts for goods sold in the same condition as purchased
12. Stock: Raw material, Fuel, Semi-finished Goods, Finished Goods, Goods bought to be sold in the same condition as purchased
13. Expenses for Non-industrial Services: rent paid for Buildings, Store and Equipment, Transportation Cost of produced goods, Insurance Premium, Cost of Advertisement and other expenses for sales promotion,
14. Indirect Taxes: Value Added Tax (VAT), Excise Duty, Export/Import Duty
15. Income received from Non-industrial Services: Rent receipts from building and equipment, Rent receipts from transport equipment, Grants received during the reference period, Amount of exemption on export during the reference period
16. Fixed Assets: Value of fixed assets on the beginning of the reference year, Value of addition of new fixed assets, Receipts from sale of fixed assets, Loss of fixed assets due to catastrophe, Annual amount of depreciation
17. Production Capacity Utilization: Less than 20 Percent, 20 - 39 Percent, 40 - 59 Percent, 60 - 79 Percent, 80 Percent and above
18. Problems: Lack of Raw Materials, Lack of Market, Lack of Capital, Industrial Policy, Lack of Trained Manpower, Monopoly
A control form was introduced to find out the profit or loss and value added of each establishment. This form was filled by the supervisor of the BSO immediately after completing the interview of the establishment. If any inconsistencies were found during this phase, BSO's Supervisor/Officer contact to respective establishment by telephone to verify the facts. In case no telephone was available then forms were sent back to the respective establishment for verification.
During Data entry, many range checks were introduced to minimize range errors. Some cross checks were used to control errors relating to the universe and pre-question of the entry variable during data entry. One big batch edit file with many edit commands were run and verify the observed missing or overvalued or undervalued data mostly by contacting the respondent of the establishment by telephone.
To establish consistency between the CPC of data recorded in section 9 of the questionnaire and NSIC of section 4, grouping of raw materials and products was made by CPC to make one to one correspondence with NSIC.
CME 2001/02 data appraisal may be categorized by 3 stages: Pilot survey, during data collection, during entry and processing. A pilot survey was conducted in 2000-01 by covering one district from each ecological belt. A technical committee headed by the Director General of CBS was formed to supervise, suggest, control and review the overall process of the census from questionnaire design to data dissemination.
A control form was used to verify establishment level input-output ratio as well as profit or loss status of the establishment at data collection stage. The data collection work was done only by the experienced permanent staff of CBS and its field offices. They were trained by the census officials of CBS worked in the head office. Statistical officers of branch offices were considered as supervisor of the census.
After entering and editing data in Cs-Pro data entry application, frequencies and percentage distribution of the principal indicators like total number of establishment, total number of persons engaged, total number of employees, value of input, value of output, value added by NSIC, ecological belts, development regions, districts were tabulated and compared with that of the previous census. Further, average output, value added, number of persons engaged, number of employees and fixed asset per establishment were calculated to discuss the final report of the census with the technical committee. The final results were published after the approval the committee.
Confidentiality of the respondents is guaranteed by article 8 of Statistics Act 1958.
The dataset has been anonymized and is available as a Public Use Dataset. It is accessible to all users for statistical and research purposes only, under the following terms and conditions:
1. The data and other materials will not be redistributed or sold to other individuals, institutions, or organizations without the written agreement of the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS).
2. The data will be used for statistical and scientific research purposes only. They will be used solely for reporting of aggregated information, and not for investigation of specific individuals or organizations.
3. No attempt will be made to re-identify respondents, and no use will be made of the identity of any person or establishment discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to the CBS.
4. No attempt will be made to produce links among datasets provided by the CBS or among data from the CBS and other datasets that could identify individuals or organizations.
5. Any books, articles, conference papers, theses, dissertations, reports, or other publications that employ data obtained from the CBS will cite the source of data in accordance with the Citation Requirement provided with each dataset.
6. An electronic copy of all reports and publications based on the requested data will be sent to the CBS.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal. Census of Manufacturing Establishments 2001-2002. Dataset downloaded from http://www.cbs.gov.np/nada/ on [date].
The Central Bureau of Statistics bears no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon any type of use of the data.
DDI Document ID
Establishment Census and Survey Section
Central Bureau of Statistics
Original documentation of the study
Accelerated Data Program
International Household Survey Network
Editing for IHSN Survey Catalog
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1.0 - Central Bureau of Statistics - Original documentation of the study.
Version 2.0 - Eedited version by ADP based on Version 1.0 of CBS downloaded from http://cbs.gov.np/nada/index.php/catalog on 20 February 2013.