The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) has been set up by the Government of India in 1950 to collect socio-economic data employing scientific sampling methods. The NSSO conducts regular consumer expenditure surveys as part of its "rounds", each round being normally of a year's duration and covering more than one subject of study. The surveys are conducted through household interviews, using a random sample of households covering practically the entire geographical area of the country. Surveys on consumer expenditure are being conducted quinquennially on a large sample of households from the 27th round (October 1972 - September 1973) onwards. Apart from these quinquennial surveys, the NSSO collected information on consumer expenditure from a smaller sample of households since 42nd round (July 1986 - June 1987). Nowadays every round of NSS includes a consumer expenditure survey (CES), giving rise to an annual series of consumption data. The field operations of the 52nd NSS round commenced on 1st July 1995 and continued up to 30 June 1996. The household consumer expenditure schedule, used for the survey, collected information on quantity and value of household consumption with a reference period of "last 30 days" for some items of consumption. To minimise recall errors, a very detailed item classification was, as usual, adopted to collect information. The field work for the survey was conducted, as usual, by the Field Operations Division of the Organisation. The collected data were processed by the Data Processing Division of NSSO and tabulated by the Computer Centre of Department of Statistics. The reports have been prepared by Survey Design & Research Division (SDRD) of NSSO under the guidance of the Governing Council, NSSO.
The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) has been carrying out All-India surveys on consumer expenditure. While some of these smaller-scale surveys are spread over a full year and others over six months only, the quinquennial (full-scale) surveys have all been of a full year's duration. Household consumer expenditure is measured as the expenditure incurred by a household on domestic account during a specified period, called reference period. It includes the imputed values of goods and services, which are not purchased but procured otherwise for consumption. In other words, it is the sum total of monetary values of all the items (i.e. goods and services) consumed by the household on domestic account during the reference period. Any expenditure incurred towards the productive enterprises of the households is also excluded from household consumer expenditure. To minimise recall errors, a very detailed item classification is adopted to collect information, including items of food, items of fuel, items of clothing, bedding and footwear, items of educational and medical expenses, items of durable goods and other items. The schedule has also collected some other household particulars including age, sex and educational level etc. of each household member. The schedule design for the survey is more or less similar to that adopted in the previous rounds. The household consumer expenditure schedule used for the survey collected information on quantity and value of household consumption with a reference period of "last 7 days and 30 days" for some frequent items of consumption and "last 365 days" for some less frequently purchased items.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Randomly selected households based on sampling procedure and members of the household
- v01: Edited, anonymous dataset for public distribution.
The NSSO surveys on consumer expenditure aim to measure the household consumer expenditure in quantitative terms disaggregated by various household characteristics.
The data for this survey is collected in the NSS Schedule 1.0 used for household consumer expenditure. For this round, the schedule had the following blocks.
Block 1 : Identification particulars of the sample household
Block 2 : Particulars of field operations
Block 3 : Household characteristics
Block 4 : Particulars of household members
Block 5 : Cash purchase, consumption out of home-grown stock and total consumption of food, pan, tobacco and intoxicants.
Block 5.1 : Cash purchase, consumption out of home-grown stock and total consumption of fuel and light.
Block 6 : Cash purchase, consumption out of home produced stock and total consumption of clothing
Block 7 : Cash purchase, consumption out of home produced stock and total consumption of footwear.
Block 8 : Expenditure (cash & kind) on miscellaneous goods and services and rents & taxes.
Block 8.1 : Expenditure (cash & kind) on educational & medical goods and services.
Block 9 : Expenditure (cash & kind) for purchase and construction (including repairs) of durable goods for domestic use.
Block 10: Perception of household regarding sufficiency of food
Block 11.1 (sub-sample 2 only) : Particulars of expenditure incurred on ceremonies by the household during the last 7 days prior to the date of survey
Block 11.2 (sub-sample 2 only) : Particulars of expenditure incurred on ceremonies by the household during last 365 days prior to the date of survey
The survey covered the whole of Indian Union except:
(i) Ladakh and Kargil districts of Jammu & Kashmir,
(ii) interior villages of Nagaland (consistind of 71.2 % of total number of villages ) situated beyond 5 kms. of a bus route and
(iii)35.5% villages of Andaman & Nicobar Islands which are inaccessible throughout the year.
Producers and sponsors
National Sample Survey Organisation
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI)
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI)
Tabulation and Dissemination
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
Governing council and Working Group
Government of India
Finalisation of survey study
As usual, a stratified two-stage design is adopted for the current round. The first-stage units are census villages in the rural sector (panchayat wards in case of Kerala) and the NSSO urban frame survey (UFS) blocks in the urban sector. The second-stage units are households in both the sectors.
SAMPLING FRAME FOR FIRST STAGE UNITS : The lists of census villages of 1991 census (1981 census list for J & K ) constitute the sampling frame for the rural sector. For Kerala, however, the list of panchayat wards has been used as the sampling frame for selection of panchayat wards in the rural sector. For Nagaland, the villages located within 5 kms. of a bus route constitute the sampling frame whereas, for Andaman & Nicobar Islands, the list of 'accessible' villages constitutes the sampling frame. For the urban sector, the lists of NSSO Urban Frame Survey (UFS) blocks have been considered as the sampling frame.
RURAL : In the rural sector, each district is treated as a separate stratum. However, if the 1991 census population of the district is greater than or equal to 2 million (1.8 million population as per 1981 census for J & K) , the districts is split into two or more strata, by grouping contiguous thesis to form strata. In Gujarat, in the case of districts extending over more than one NSS region, the part of a district falling within each NSS region forms a separate stratum.
URBAN : In the urban sector, strata are formed, within each NSS region, by grouping towns on the basis of the population size class of towns.
ALLOCATION OF FIRST-STAGE UNITS (FSUs) : It is decided to select a total sample of 13,000 FSUs (rural & urban combined ) for the 'central sample' at all-India level. The total sample size of FSUs (rural & urban combined) for the central sample for a state/ u.t. has been allocated to its rural and urban sectors considering the relative sizes of the rural and urban population with double weightage to the urban sector. Sate-level rural /urban allocations are adjusted to multiples of 8 . The state-level rural sample size is allocated to the rural strata in proportion to their rural population figures as per the census. Similarly urban sample size of the state/u.t. is allocated to the urban strata in proportion to urban population figures as per the census. All the stratum-level allocations are adjusted to multiples of 8 as far as possible )otherwise multiples of 4). Allocations have been them equally in each sub-sample x sub-round combination (2 sub-samples x 4 sub-rounds).
SELECTION OF FIRST-STAGE UNITS: Sample FSUs in the rural sector have been selected circular systematically with equal probability . In the u.t. of Goa, Daman & Diu, the district Diu consists of only two villages . Both the villages of the district have been selected for the purpose of the survey for each of central and state samples. Sample blocks in the urban sector have also been selected circular systematically with equal probability. Sample FSUs of both the rural and the urban sectors have been selected in the form of two independent sub-samples.
ARUNACHAL PRADESH : For the rural areas of Arunachal Pradesh, the procedure of cluster sampling has been followed . The field staff will be supplied with a list of nucleus villages and they will select the remaining villages of the cluster. The nucleus villages have been selected circular systematically with equal probability, in the form of two independent sub-samples.
SELECTION OF HAMLET-GROUPS/SUB-BLOCKS (FOR 'LARGE' FSUs ONLY ) : Large FSUs will be divided into a suitable number of hamlet-groups/sub-blocks having equal population content. Two hamlet-groups are to be selected from large FSUs in the rural sector whereas, only one sub-block is to be selected from large FSUs of the urban sector. The procedures of hamlet-group and sub-block formation/selection have been discussed in detail in Section Two. The two selected hamlet-groups in large FSUs of the rural sector will be considered together as one unit for combined listing and selection of households.
SELECTION OF HOUSEHOLDS (SECOND-STAGE UNITS) : From each selected FSU (or the selected hamlet-group/sub-block of the FSU for large FSUs), a sample of 4 households for schedule 1.0, 10 households for schedule 25.0 and 6 households for schedule 25.2 will be selected for the detailed enquiry. However, before selection, the listed households will be first grouped into second-stage strata for sch. 25.0 and 25.2 .
Two different weights have been provided in each file in the data set. Details are as follows:-
1. Weight for each sub sample is stored in the variable name : MLT_SUB_SAMPLE
2. Combined subsample weight is stored in the variable name : MLT_COMB
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The survey period of one year of this round is divided into four sub-round of three months' duration each as indicated below :
1 July - September 1995
2 October - December 1995
3 January - March 1996
4 April - June 1996
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
National Sample Survey Organisation. India National Sample Survey 1995-1996 (52nd Round) - Schedule 1.0 - Consumer Expenditure. Ref. IND_1995_NSS52-SCH1.0_v01_M. Data downloaded from [web] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
M/O Statistics & Programme Implementation
Ducumentation of the DDI
Development Economics Data Group
Ducumentation of the DDI
DDI Document version
Version 01 (July 2013) - Adapted version of the DDI "DDI-IND-MOSPI-NSSO-52Rnd-Sch1.0-1995" received from Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.