The 2007 Population and Housing Census was the third Population and Housing Census conducted in Ethiopia. The first Population and Housing Census was conducted in May 1984 and the second Population and Housing Census was conducted in October 1994.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
Version 1.0: Edited non anonymized dataset, for internal use only.
The 2007 Ethiopia Population and Housing Census covered the following topics:
- Type of residence and housing identification
- Details of persons in the household
- Deaths in the household during the last 12 months
- Information on housing unit
The census has counted people on dejure and defacto basis. The dejure population comprises all the persons who belong to a given area at a given time by virtue of usual residence, while under defacto approach people were counted as the residents of the place where they found. In the census, a person is said to be a usual resident of a household (and hence an area) if he/she has been residing in the household continuously for at least six months before the census day or intends to reside in the household for six months or longer. Thus, visitors are not included with the usual (dejure) population. Homeless persons were enumerated in the place where they spent the night on the enumeration day. The 2007 census counted foreign nationals who were residing in the city administration. On the other hand all Ethiopians living abroad were not counted.
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistical Agency
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development
Government of Ethiopia
Department for International Development
United Nation Population Fund
United Nations Development Program
United Nations Children's Fund
United States Agency for International Development
Swedish International Development Authority
Embassy of Japan
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The enumerators collected the data and filled-in the census questionnaires by visiting households from door to door. All members of the household were recorded on the same questionnaire if their number is eight or less. Enumerators were instructed to fill-in consecutive questionnaires if the number of members of the household is more than eight. The type of questionnaire administered to each household depends on whether a household was selected for a long questionnaire or not. The selection procedure was determined by using a systematic sampling procedure as follows. Three days prior to the census day all households and housing units were listed in a separate form designed for the purpose. This list was used to identify the type of questionnaire that was to be administered to the households. One out of five households was systematically selected from the list /following scientific procedures/ to be interviewed using the long questionnaire, while the others were interviewed using the short questionnaire. Residents of hotels, hostels and other collective quarters were interviewed using a long questionnaire whereas homeless persons were counted using a short questionnaire.
Central Statistical Agency
Two type sof questionnaires were used to collect census data:
i) Short questionnaire
ii) Long questionnaire
Unlike the previous censuses, the contents of the short and long questionnaires were similar both for the urban and rural areas as well as for the entire city. But the short and the long questionnaires differ by the number of variables they contained. That is, the short questionnaire was used to collect basic data on population characteristics, such as population size, sex, age, language, ethnic group, religion, orphanhood and disability. Whereas the long questionnaire includes information on marital status, education, economic activity, migration, fertility, mortality, as well as housing stocks and conditions in addition to those questions contained in a short questionnaire.
The Central Statistical Agency (CSA) is committed to achieving excellence in the provision of timely, reliable and affordable official statistics for informed decision making in order to maximize the welfare of all Ethiopians. This is achieved through the collection and analysis of censuses, surveys and the use of administrative data as well as the dissemination a range of statistical products and providing assistance and services to users.
A microdata dissemination policy is established by CSA to address the conditions and the manner in which anonymized microdata files may be released to users for research purposes. It also strives to identify the different levels of anonymization for different categories of data use. This policy is available at CSA website (www.csa.gov.et <http://www.csa.gov.et>).
CSA will release microdata files for use by researchers for scientific research purposes when:
The Director General is satisfied that all reasonable steps have been taken to prevent the identification of individual respondents
The release of the data will substantially enhance the analytic value of the data that have been collected
For all but purely public files, researchers disclose the nature and objectives of their intended research,
It can be demonstrated that there are no credible alternative sources for these data, and
The researchers have signed an appropriate undertaking.
Terms and conditions of use of public data files are the following:
The data and other materials provided by CSA will not be redistributed or sold to other individuals, institutions, or organizations without the written agreement of CSA.
The data will be used for statistical and scientific research purposes only. They will be used solely for reporting of aggregated information, and not for investigation of specific individuals or organizations.
No attempt will be made to re-identify respondents, and no use will be made of the identity of any person or establishment discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to the CSA.
No attempt will be made to produce links among datasets provided by CSA, or among data from the CSA and other datasets that could identify individuals or organizations.
Any books, articles, conference papers, theses, dissertations, reports, or other publications that employ data obtained from CSA will cite the source of data in accordance with the Citation Requirement provided with each dataset.
An electronic copy of all reports and publications based on the requested data will be sent to CSA.
The original collector of the data, CSA, and the relevant funding agencies bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Cost Recovery Policy:
It is the policy of CSA to encourage broad use of its products by making them affordable for users. Accordingly, CSA attempts to ensure that the costs of creating anonymized microdata files are built-in to the survey budget.
At the same time, CSA attempts to recover costs associated with the provisions of special services that benefit only a specific group. Information on the price of each dataset is available at CSA website (www.csa.gov.et)
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 02 (September 2013). Edited version based on Version 01 DDI (DDI-ETH-CSA-POP-2007-v1.0) that was done by Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency.