The Census of Jamaica has been conducted since 1844 and a total of 13 censuses have been taken up to 2001. The 1960 census was conducted in accordance with the United Nations recommendation that censuses should be taken every 10 years in or around the year ending in '0'. Since then, censuses have been taken in 1970, 1982, 1991 and 2001.
The 2001 census was a de jure census i.e. it sought to identify the population usually resident in the area, whether physically present or not, at the time of the census. The census included all persons, Jamaican and non-Jamaicans whose usual place of residence was in Jamaica, even if they were temporarily (less than 6 months) abroad at the time of the census. Visitors and foreign diplomats were excluded.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
Edited data used for report Version 1.0
DDI and ID field edited by World Bank Development Data Group for it's microdata library.
Topics included in the census were:
at the household level - housing and housing amenities, migration and mortality, exposure to crime and violence
at the individual level - demographic characteristics - age, sex, ethnic origin, religious affiliation, educational attainment and training, chronic illness and disability, birthplace and residence; and economic activity and fertility.
All persons living in Jamaica
Producers and sponsors
Statistical Institute of Jamaica
Government of Jamaica
As it was a census, there was no sampling for the enumeration. However, while there was full enumeration on items considered basic, a sample enumeration was done for those topics requiring more intensive interviewing and processing. The sample was administered to all persons resident in 10 percent of the enumeration districts.
Data weighted for under-enumeration on the basis of the Post Enumeration Survey conducted immediately after the conclusion of the main enumeration.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Supervision was provided by 4 Regional Managers, 49 Area Coordinators and 872 Zone supervisors. The Zone supervisors 1. Made an advance listing of a small sample of housing units in order to check completeness of census taker's work 2. Examined work completed by census takers 3. Maintained adequate records of all work assigned 4. Revisit a sample of homes, especially those in remote areas to ensure that enumeration had taken place.
Data Collection Notes
Face-to-Face interviews were only done for the non-institutionalised population
Average duration of household questionnaire - 2 minutes
Average duration of each individual questionnaire - 5 minutes
So for a family of five persons the interview should take approximately 27 minutes.
"The Institutional Population All institutions, which could be regarded as the usual residence of the inhabitants either because they had no other residence or because they were 'long-term' residents, were included. General hospitals, public and private were therefore generally excluded. Visits were made to these hospitals however for the purpose of identifying patients who, although discharged, had no home to go to. The treatment of the institutional population as regards the questions asked was determined by the accessibility of the persons resident to the interviewer. Where no access was possible, age and sex data only were retrieved from administrative records. Where access was possible the entire short form was administered. Trainees and students of all educational institutions were canvassed with the long form containing additional questions on education and training." (STATIN, Population Census 2001 Technical Report, 2007)
"Persons found on the Streets Referred to as the “floating population”, this group comprises persons who may or may not be usual residents of a private or non-private dwelling. For reasons of safety it was not possible, as in previous censuses, to undertake the count of the “floating population” at midnight on census night. A designated date and time was therefore arranged. This activity was undertaken between the hours of 5 a.m. and 7 a.m. on 26 September 2001."(STATIN, Population Census 2001 Technical Report, 2007)
Data collection was carried out by 4200 census takers.
Problems encountered by census takers included: - violence in some inner-city communities - bad weather and the threat of hurricane caused flooding, dislocation of communities and inaccessibility of others - difficulty in accessing apartments and gated homes/communities - bad dogs - several census takers suffered dog bites causing fear among others.
Three structured questionnaires were used to collect the data. 1. Form PC01A for household information - Roster of household members - Housing structure, tenure, facilities and amenities - Migration and mortality - Exposure to crime and violence - Business activity in household. 2. Form PC01B for the entire population. - demographic characteristics - chronic illness and disability - birthplace and residence 3. Form PC01C representing 10% sample of the population. In addition to all information in PC01B, training, economic activity and fertility.
Editing of records were done after data had been electronically processed. Edit checks included range checks, and check to ensure that certain key questions such as identification, age and sex were completed.
On receipt from field, all the questionnaires are reviewed by clerks and control information, identification number, dwellings visited and number of questionnaires completed were entered using Microsoft Access before being dispatched to the external contractor which had responsibility for data capture. Questionnaires were scanned using Cardiff Teleform software and was exported to ASCII text format and submitted to STATIN. The data were then imported into IMPS 4.1 and consistency checks and imputations were done. the images were also provided to STATIN to allow further review of the forms.
Estimates of Sampling Error
University of the West Indies
World Bank Microdata Library
Users of the data must agree to keep confidential all data contained in these datasets and to make no attempt to identify, trace or contact any individual whose data is included in these datasets.
Datasets are distributed at minimal or no cost for legitimate research depending on the classification of user, with the condition that users acknowledge source of data. Copies of all reports and publications based on the requested data must be sent to the Statistical Institute of Jamaica and the Derek Gordon Databank, Sir Arthur Lewis institute of Social and Economic Studies, University of the West Indies.
Statistical Institute Of Jamaica. Jamaica Population Census 2001, 2008 [Computer file]. Kingston, Jamaica: Statistical Institute Of Jamaica [producer], 2008. Kingston, Jamaica: Derek Gordon Databank, University of the West Indies [distributors], 2009.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The Statistical Institute of Jamaica and University of the West Indies accepts no responsibility for the results and/or implications of any actions resulting from the use of these data.
DDI Document ID
Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies
University of the West Indies
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 2.0 (August 2013). Edited version based on metadata done by Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies.