Survey ID Number
National Labor Force Survey 1997
National Labor Force Survey (SAKERNAS) 1997 activity is a continuation of periodic surveys that held annually in every August. The purpose of annual SAKERNAS 1997 is to provide continous basis data of employment every year. Specifically to obtain information/data of population that employed, unemployed, temporarily not work, and population that ever stop/move work, as well as its development at the level of district/city, province or nationwide, and some additional informations. The provision of employment data is responsibility of The Sub-Directorate of Manpower Statistics, Statistics Indonesia (BPS) and carried out especially through SAKERNAS in all provinces of Indonesia. The other sources of employment data among others are from National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS), Population Census (SP), and Intercensal Population Survey (SUPAS). The concepts and definitions used for the labor force data are similar for all surveys and censuses since 1976, except for the unemployment rate and employment status, which have been extended since 2001.
Throughout its history, SAKERNAS has undergone a series of changes in its coverage, the frequency of enumeration, the number of households sampled and the type of information collected. SAKERNAS first held in 1976, followed in 1977 and 1978, and has been conducted regularly on annual basis since 1986. From 1986 to 1993 the survey was held quarterly, from 1994 to 2001 was drawn annually every August, and from 2002 to 2004 held annually and quarterly. The quarterly SAKERNAS is intended to monitor early indicators of employment in Indonesia, which refers to the KILM (the Key Indicators of the Labour Market) that recommended by the ILO. Starting in 2005, SAKERNAS implemented semesterly until 2010, in every February and August. Since August 2007, SAKERNAS's data presentation was designed to be representative until the district/city level in every August (and the sample size is almost quadrupled), while in February until provincial level only. Starting from 2011, the survey has been taken place quarterly, which is every February, May, August, and November, where the quarterly data presentation was designed until provincial level. In the third quarter SAKERNAS (August )- apart from quarterly sample- additional sample was also provided for annual number as an estimation of data presentation up to the district/city level.
Series of data publications available are data publications of Labor Force Situation in Indonesia (Publikasi Keadaan Angkatan Kerja di Indonesia) years 1976, 1977, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1989-2012, the publication of Labour/Worker Situation in Indonesia (Publikasi Keadaan Pekerja di Indonesia) years 1982, 1986, 1989-2012. A special module was added in February 2008, asking questions about job-seeking, training, union membership, contract workers, and severance payments, aimed at providing a better understanding of the main obstacles to employment creation (a question in 1997's SAKERNAS also asking about obstacles in getting job).