In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
The 2000 Guyana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households. Although the household was the basic unit of enumeration, information was collected on the welfare of women and children resident in households. The main objectives of the survey were to provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and omen in Guyana at the end of the decade and to furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established at the World Summit for Children and as a basis for future action.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Households, Women Children.
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011
Household Questionnaire : Household information panel, Education, Child labor and Water and Sanitation .
Women Questionnaire: Child mortality, Tetanus toxoid, Maternal and newborn health, Contraceptive use, HIV/AIDS
Child Questionnaire: Birth registration and early learning, Breastfeeding, Care of Illness, Malaria, Immunization, Anthropometry.
The 2000 Guyana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households
Producers and sponsors
Bureau of Statistics
United Nations Children's Fund
United Nations Children's Fund
The sample for the Guyana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was designed to provide estimates of health indicators at the national level, interior and coastal regions; and for urban and rural areas. In considering the urban/rural distinction, it should be borne in mind that all the urban areas of the country are located within the coastal region and the entire interior region is considered to be rural. The sample was selected in two stages. At the first stage, 200 census enumeration districts were selected with probability proportional to size. After a household listing was carried out within the selected enumeration district, using a systematic sample, 24 households were selected from each ED, making for a total selection of 4800 households. On account of the sample being stratified by Coast and Interior regions, with a further implicit stratification by urban and rural areas, it was not self-weighting. For reporting national level results, sample weights are used. Full technical details of the sample are included in Appendix A of the report (provided as Exterenal Rersources).
As a consequence of difficulties encountered which restricted access to two selected Eds from the Interior, they were excluded from the sample of 200 Eds. As a result, the 4800 households originally selected in the sample were reduced to 4747 households. Of these, 4695 were located during the period of interviews (Table 1) and 4538 were successfully interviewed, giving a household response rate of 97 percent. The response rate was higher in rural areas (98 percent) compared with urban areas (93 percent). In the interviewed households, 4972 eligible women aged 15-49 were identified. Interviews were successfully completed for 4801 of these, yielding a response rate of 97 percent for eligible women. In addition, 2697 children under age five were identified from the household listing questionnaire. Of these, 2672 child questionnaires were completed which yielded a response rate of 99 percent.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The field staff was trained for five days between Monday 14th August and Friday 18th August 2000. Ten teams, each comprised of between 4 to 7 enumerators and including a supervisor conducted interviews. Vehicle support was provided to each team, since the UNICEF scales and measuring boards had to be transported from household to household during interviews. The fieldwork on the Coast commenced in August 2000 and ended in October 2000. The fieldwork in the Interior, which started towards the end of the fieldwork on the Coast, was finally completed in November 2000. The Bureau of Statistics provided the overall supervision of the fieldwork.
The questionnaires for the Guyana MICS were based on the MICS Model Questionnaire, which was suitably adapted and modified to reflect national situations. A household questionnaire was administered in each household, which collected various types of information on household members including sex, age, marital status, and orphanhood status. The household questionnaire also included education, child labor and water and sanitation modules. In addition to a household questionnaire, questionnaires were administered in each household for women age 15-49 and children under age five. For children, the questionnaire was administered to the mother or caretaker of the child.
Data from the questionnaires were entered on microcomputers using the IMPS (integrated microcomputer system) software while tabulations were generated using SPSS (statistical package for social sciences). In order to ensure quality control, after the first data entry, the completed questionnaires were then entered again for verification, after which a programme ran internal consistency checks on the data. Procedures and standard programs developed under MICS and adapted to modifications of the questionnaire were used throughout. Data processing began in August 2000 and was completed by January 2001.
United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)
MICS Programme Manager
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1.0 - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library