A census of production was first carried out by the Statistics Mauritius in 1964 followed by another one in 1968. However, those two censuses were restricted to the manufacturing sector only. In 1985, following the need for comprehensive data on the characteristics and structure of production units in the different sectors of the economy, the census was extended to all sectors except agriculture. The 1985 Census was followed by another one in 1992. Since then, the census known as the Census of Economic Activities (CEA) has been conducted every five years.
Statistics Mauritius conducted its sixth Census of Economic Activities (CEA) in Mauritius and Rodrigues, with 2013 as reference year, from January 2013 to April 2015. The main objective of this exercise which is carried out every five years is to collect data on the operating characteristics and structure of all types of economic activities, except agriculture where different measurement techniques are needed for data collection.
The CEA is conducted in two phases - Phase I covering a sample of small production units (i.e those engaging less than ten persons) and Phase II covering all large units, that is those with ten or more persons. Data collection for Phase I was carried out from January 2013 to December 2013 while that for Phase II started in July 2014 and was completed in April 2015.
The main objectives of the 2013 Census of Economic Activities were:
- To collect up-to-date information on the operating characteristics and structure of all types of economic activities except Agriculture, carried out in the Republic of Mauritius;
- To assess the contribution of the various industry groups in the overall economy;
- To assess the contribution of various economic sub sectors (small and medium enterprises, informal sector etc.) in the overall economy;
- To obtain benchmark data for updating national accounts estimates;
- To obtain detailed data for the construction of Input-Output tables and Social Accounting Matrices (SAM) for impact analysis and
- To obtain benchmark data and weights for the construction of volume and price indices.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
Small and large non-agricultural establishments
- v01: Edited, anonymous dataset.
Producers and sponsors
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development
The first phase of the Census of Economic Activities was to cover all small production units (i.e those engaging less than 10 persons) operating in the Republic of Mauritius, except agricultural activities, activities of household employees and illegal activities. A good sampling frame was essential for this purpose. A sampling frame is a comprehensive list of all sampling units from which the sample to be surveyed will be selected. The constructed sampling frame comprised some 112,000 small units as at the August 2012 (around 110,000 for Mauritius and 2000 for Rodrigues). It was decided to survey a sample of around 3,600 units, 3,200 in Mauritius and 400 in Rodrigues.
The sampling frame was constructed from data available in the business register compiled by the Central Business Register unit of Statistics Mauritius, supplemented by information from the 2011 Population Census.
The list of large establishments was constructed from data available in the business register of the SM. The final frame comprised of 2,400 establishments, of which 2,376 were in Mauritius and 24 in Rodrigues.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Phase I data were collected by direct interviews from a representative sample of 3,400 small units (3,100 in Mauritius and 300 in Rodrigues). Phase II data were collected through questionnaires sent to large establishments by e-mail or by post.
Head of CEA unit
Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Statistics Mauritius. Census of Economic Activities (CEA) 2013-2015. Ref. MUS_2013_CEA_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://statsmauritius.gov.mu on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that Statistics Mauritius, as the collector and authorized distributor of the data, bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.