In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
The 2000 Swaziland Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey has as its primary objectives:
- To provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Swaziland at the end of the decade and for looking forward to the next decade;
- To furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established at the World Summit for Children and a basis for future action;
- To contribute to the improvement of data and monitoring systems in Swaziland and to strengthen technical expertise in the design, implementation, and analysis of such systems.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household, Women, Children.
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011
The scope of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2 includes:
- HOUSEHOLD: Household characteristics, Household listing, Education, Child labour, Water and Sanitation, Salt iodization.
- WOMEN: Women's characteristics, Child mortality, Tetanus toxoid, Maternal and Newborn health, Contraception, and HIV/AIDS knowledge
- CHILDREN: Children's characteristics, Birth registration and Early learning, Vitamin A, Breastfeeding, Care of illness, Malaria, Immunization, Anthropometry.
The 2000 Swaziland Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households, women, and children.
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistical Office
United Nations Children's Fund
Design of Survey and Technical Support
The sample for the Swaziland Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2000 was designed to provide estimates of health indicators at the national level, urban, rural and company town areas and for the four regions: Hhohho, Manzini, Shiselweni and Lubombo. The sample was selected in two stages. At the first stage , 300 clusters were selected with probability proportional to size. After a household listing was carried out within the selected clusters, a systematic sample of 4500 households was drawn. Because the sample was stratified by region, it is not self-weighting. For reporting national level results, sample weights are used.
Although 4500 households were selected, 4192 were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 90 percent. In the interviewed households 5320 eligible women (age 15-49) were identified. Of these, 5271 were successfully interviewed, yielding a response rate of 99 percent. In addition, 3525 children under age five were listed in the household questionnaire. Of these, questionnaires were completed for 3509 for a response rate of 99 percent.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The field staff was trained for five days in early July 2000. Sixteen teams collected the data; each was comprised of four interviewers, one driver, and a supervisor. In addition there were four regional coordinators who assisted the MICS Coordinator in the provision of overall supervision. The field work began in July 2000 and concluded in September 2000.
The questionnaires for the Swaziland MICS were based on the MICS Model Questionnaire with some modifications and additions. A household questionnaire was administered in each household, which collected various information on household members including sex, age, literacy, marital status, and orphanhood status. The household questionnaire also includes education, child labor, water and sanitation, and salt iodization modules. In addition to a household questionnaire, questionnaires were administered in each household for women age 15- 49 and children under age five. For children, the questionnaire was administered to the mother or caretaker of the child.
The questionnaire for women contains the following modules:
Maternal and newborn health
The questionnaire for children under age five includes modules on:
Birth registration and early learning
Care of Illness
Information on Vitamin A and Malaria have not been analysed . Reasons for not incuding Vitamin A is that there is no current programme in place on Vit A supplement in the country. Reasons for living malaria module out is that data collection was conducted in the off season for malaria in the country.
Data were entered on four microcomputers using the IMPS software. In order to ensure quality control, all questionnaires were double entered and internal consistency checks were performed. Procedures and standard programs developed under MICS and adapted to the Swaziland questionnaire were used throughout. Data processing began in October 2000 and finished in December 2000.
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
Documentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01(June 2011) - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library