In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
The 2000 Uzbekistan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey had as its primary objectives:
· To provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Uzbekistan at the end of the decade and for looking forward to the next decade;
· To furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established at the World Summit for Children and a basis for future action;
· To contribute to the improvement of data and monitoring systems in Uzbekistan and to strengthen technical expertise in the design, implementation, and analysis of such systems.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Households, Women, Child
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011
Household Questionnaire: Household Members Information, Education, Child Labor, Water and Sanitation, and Salt Iodization modules.
Women Questionnaire: General information, Child mortality, Maternal and newborn health, Contraceptive use, HIV/AIDS.
Child Questionnaire: Birth registration and early learning, Breastfeeding, Care of illness, Immunization
The 2000 Uzbekistan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households, women, and children.
Producers and sponsors
State Department of Statistics
Minister of Macroeconomy and Statistics
United Nations Children's Fund
United Nations Children's Fund
The sample for the Uzbekistan MICS was designed to provide estimates of health indicators at the national level, and for urban and rural areas. Five administrative regions were chosen. The sample was proportional to population.
In the first stage census enumeration areas were chosen from a national listing of population distribution by cities, rayons, collective farms and rural areas, which were selected with probability proportional to size were selected with probability proportional to size. The standard segment size was 500, the total number of standard segments was 48463. The sampling interval was 212, and 228 primary sampling units or clusters of 24 households each were selected. Within the selected enumeration areas, a household listing was carried out, and a systematic sample of 5478 households were chosen, in 228 clusters of 24 households each. The sample was selfweighting.
Although the sample size calculations called for 24 households per cluster, 28 households were selected, and a list of four reserve households made in each cluster. Selection was done using the household listing provided by the khokimiyat and/or the SSA. At least three callback visits were made to each of the first 24 households, before moving to the additional four households selected. Due to the fact that khokimiyats keep comprehensive and up-to-date household listings, the use of replacement households was not necessary in rural areas, and was rarely necessary in urban areas.
Of the 5478 households selected for the Uzbekistan MICS sample, 5313 were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 97 percent. Thus the household response rate was 100%. (Table 1). This perfect response rate is explained by the fact that for each cluster 28 households were selected, with the first 24 being approached. If any of the first 24 households were not available, a replacement household was taken from the last four of the 28 selected. In rural areas, where local khokimiyats keep excellent household listings, replacement was not practiced. In urban areas, replacement was still infrequent, but occasionally necessary. In the interviewed households, 7859 eligible women aged 15-49 were identified. In addition, 3349 children under age five were listed in the household questionnaire. The total response rate for women was 99.1% and for children 100%. The main reason of non-response for women was absence during the interview. The percentage of response rate in rural areas was higher – 99.4% than in the city – 98.4%.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The questionnaire was pre-tested in July and August, 2000. Fifty six employees of the State Statistical Department of the Ministry of Macro-Economy and Statistics of the Republic of Uzbekistan attended a three day training. Fourteen were chosen to be supervisors and had a further two days training. Pre-testing of questionnaire included a series of interviews carried out in Tashkent City and Tashkent Oblast. 14 field teams conducted data collection, each team was made up of four people, with one supervisor and three interviewers. All interviewers were female. The MICS Coordinator was responsible for monitoring all stages of MICS. The fieldwork began on July 24, 2000 and concluded on August 15, 2000.
In the MICS, three modules were used:
1. Household Questionnaire
2. Individual Questionnaire for Women
3. Questionnaire for Children Under Five
The questionnaires for the Uzbekistan MICS were based on the MICS Model Questionnaire with some modifications and additions. A household questionnaire was administered in each household, which collected various information on household members including sex, age, literacy, marital status, and orphaned status. The household questionnaire also includes education, child labor, water and sanitation, and salt iodization modules. The individual questionnaire for women between 15 and 49 years asked questions on the following issues:
Maternal and newborn health
The questionnaire for children under age five includes modules on:
Birth registration and early learning
Care of illness
For children, the questionnaire was administered to the mother or caretaker of the child. The questionnaires were translated into two languages: Russian and Uzbek.
Skilled computer programmers and operators carried out data entry and processing. For this purpose 12 microcomputers were used. Data entry was done using ISSA, and computer analysis was done using the SPSS software. In order to ensure quality control, all questionnaires were double entered and internal consistency checks were performed. Procedures and standard programs developed under MICS and adapted to the Uzbekistan questionnaire were used throughout. Data processing began on August 20, 2000 and finished on September 15, 2000.
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
Documentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01 (June 2011) - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library