This report presents the South African Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007 (SAIMD 2007) at municipality level. The SAIMD 2007 is a composite index reflecting four dimensions of deprivation experienced by people in South Africa: income and material deprivation, employment deprivation, education deprivation, and living environment deprivation.This project builds on several recent studies about deprivation in South Africa that have been undertaken by a team from the University of Oxford’s Centre for the Analysis of South African Social Policy (CASASP). A team comprising members of CASASP, the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) and Statistics South Africa (StatsSA) developed a ward-level measure of multiple deprivation for each province in the country, called the Provincial Indices of Multiple Deprivation (PIMD) (Noble et al., 2006, 2009 forthcoming). The PIMD refers to deprivation experienced by the total population (i.e. all ages including children) and was based on the 2001 Census. Subsequently a South African Index of Multiple Deprivation (SAIMD) was produced at datazone level for 2001 for the whole of South Africa (Noble et al., 2009). The datazones are small area level statistical geographical units (Avenell et al, 2009) and enabled a much more fine-grained analysis of deprivation to be developed for 2001.