We investigate the relationship between quality of health care and child healthand the effects of health on childhood schooling outcomes and early adulthood out-comes using a high-quality panel data survey from Tanzania. We find a positive relation between access to immunization and health status. Furthermore, childhood height positively affects primary school enrolment and, for girls, both the probability of completing primary school and literacy. Childhood weight, on the other hand, positively affects girls’ propensity to marry whereas their weight negatively affects primary school completion. Labour market participation is unaffected by child health.