|Title||The slippery slope: explaining the increase in extreme poverty in urban Brazil, 1976-96|
During the turbulent years 1976-96, aggregate data for Brazil appear to show only small changes in mean income, inequality, and incidence of poverty - suggesting little change in the distribution of income. But a small group of urban households - excluded from formal labor markets and safety nets - was trapped in indigence. Based on welfare measured in terms of income alone, the poorest part of urban Brazil has experienced two lost decades.
|»||Brazil - Living Standards Measurement Study Survey 1996-1997|