The question of poverty is always central to any discussion on development. Therefore, it is important to recognize the different manifestations of poverty in a given country in order to ensure that poverty alleviation policies and programs effectively target the social segments that need it most. Senegal’s experience with poverty is a case in point. Given its complex nature, the national government sought a partnership with the World Bank in crafting a Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) that employs participative and decentralized strategies. To these ends, a survey was designed by the MIMAP project in Senegal to determine poverty indicators that can readily be observed and monitored by local communities. Consumption expenses from the Household Consumption Budget Survey (ESAM) were the main data sets for the survey, and these were inputted using estimated coefficients (by the MCG method). These two approaches were combined to determine which households are poor. Moreover, the poor households, according to each of the two approaches, present different characteristics. A hierarchical ascendancy classification done on the relative variables in the appliances and housing permitted to obtain stratification in three classes of households. The study on the determinants of poverty also highlig Thus, poverty reduction strategies must also consider these as success indicators.