|Type||Journal Article - BMC Public Health|
|Title||Work-related violence and inconsistent condom use with non-paying partners among female sex workers in Adama City, Ethiopia|
Background: Although reported condom use between female sex workers and their clients is high in Ethiopia,
condom use with regular, non-paying partners remains low, posing a substantial risk of HIV infection to sex workers,
their partners and the general population. Previous studies have identified the synergistic effects of substance
abuse, violence and HIV risk, but few have examined these inter-relationships among female sex workers and their
regular, non-paying partners. This study explored the associations between work-related violence, alcohol abuse
and inconsistent condom use among establishment-based female sex workers and their regular, non-paying
partners in Adama City, Ethiopia.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 350 establishment-based female sex workers, aged 15–35,
at 63 bars, hotels and nightclubs. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to test the association
between work-related violence and condom use with regular, non-paying partners, controlling for age, overall
income, education and sex workers’ total number of sexual partners in the past week. Alcohol abuse was explored
as an effect modifier.
Results: Respondents reported a high prevalence of work-related violence (59%) and alcohol abuse (51%).
Work-related violence was statistically significantly associated with unprotected sex with regular, non-paying
partners among those who abused alcohol (OR: 6.34, 95% CI: 2.43-16.56) and among those who did not
(OR: 2.98, 95% CI: 1.36-6.54). Alcohol abuse was not associated with inconsistent condom use within these
partnerships, though it may strengthen the effect of work-related violence on unprotected sex.
Conclusions: Findings suggest violence against establishment-based female sex workers is associated with HIV risk
within regular, non-paying partnerships. Qualitative work is needed to better understand the links between a
violent work environment and condom use with regular, non-paying partners and how interventions can be
implemented in this context to prevent violence against sex workers and reduce HIV transmission.
|»||Ethiopia - Demographic and Health Survey 2011|