|Title||Determinants of Infant mortality in community of Gilgel Gibe Field Research Center, Southwest Ethiopia: A Matched Case Control Study|
Background: Infant mortality accounts for almost 67 percent of under-five child mortality that
occurs globally. An understanding of factors related to infant mortality is important to guide the
development of focused and evidence-based health interventions to reduce infant deaths. But no
community based studies have been conducted to identify determinants of infant mortality in
Ethiopia for the past two decades. The purpose of this study is to identify determinants of infant
mortality in community of Gilgel Gibe Field Research Center, Southwest Ethiopia.
Methods: A community based matched case-control study was conducted. The study covered
133 infants who died during infancy between January 2010 and February 2011 in the study area.
For each case, a control with approximately similar date of birth and survived his/her first year of
life and alive at time of data collection was selected. Conditional logistic regression method was
used to identify determinant of infant mortality using Epi-info 3.5.1 statistical software.
Results: According to the final logistic regression model, not attending antenatal care follow-up
[AOR=2.04, 95%CI (1.04,4.02)], not using soap for hand washing before feeding child
[AOR=2.50, 95%CI (1.32,4.76)], negative perceived benefits of mother to modern treatment and
prevention [AOR=2.76, 95%CI (1.21,6.09)], small birth size [AOR=2.91, 95%CI (1.01,8.46)]
and high birth order with short birth interval [AOR=3.80, 95%CI (1.20,11.98)] were found to be
independent determinants of infant mortality.
|»||Ethiopia - Demographic and Health Survey 2005|
|»||Ethiopia - Demographic and Health Survey 2011|