|Type||Conference Paper - World Bank Urban Research Symposium, Washington D.C., December 15-17, 2003|
|Title||Urban poverty and labour force participation in Kenya|
|URL||http://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/bitstream/handle/11295/42122/Urban poverty and labour forceparticipation in Kenya.pdf?sequence=1|
Recent estimates show that urban poverty in Kenya has increased tremendously.
For the urban poor, whose main income generating asset is labour, participation
in the labour market is crucial. Employment enables the urban poor to earn
income to finance basic needs including food, shelter and other requirements.
However, whether participation in the labour market is important for poverty
reduction depends on the level of labour income earned. The income in turn
depends on the level of education, occupation and the sector of employment.
This paper examines the relationship between urban poverty and labour force
participation in Kenya. The issue is whether participation in the labour market is
important for poverty. The analysis is based on data from various Welfare
Monitoring Survey by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). The results show
strong links between poverty and labour force participation inviting immediate
policy intervention for poverty reduction through the labour market. Urban
poverty and labour force participation are strongly related because labour
earning is the main source of income for urban poor. However, participation in
the labour market does not keep households out of poverty: the working urban
poor in Kenya account for well over half of the total urban poor. The results also
show that the probability of being poor in certain occupations and sectors is
higher than others.
|»||Kenya - Integrated Labour Force Survey 1998-1999|
|»||Kenya - Welfare Monitoring Survey 1994|
|»||Kenya - Welfare Monitoring Survey 1997|