A new wave in managing the public sector emerged on the scene with the inception of the New Public Management (NPM) approach late in the 1990s. However, almost every paradigm and approach that has been injected into public policies bears some significant impact, either positive or negative, on the masses given the particular context in which it operates. Mostly, considering the importance of food security for every nation, I have been prompted to analyze the impact of NPM in the agricultural sector. However, the analysis will draw a parallel line between Decentralization and New Agricultural Policy and show how NPM concepts are adopted in the two policies. In recognition of the introduction of commercialization, termination of subsidies, and introduction of decentralization in most Agricultural Development Divisions (ADDs), District Agricultural Offices (DAOs) and Extension Planning Areas (EPAs), scrutiny and assessment will centre on the impact of NPM, its detrimental effects and beneficial ones.