Poverty across the agro-ecological zones in rural Pakistan

Type Journal Article
Title Poverty across the agro-ecological zones in rural Pakistan
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2001
URL http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/37681/1/MPRA_paper_37681.pdf
The poverty concern has hcen intensi fled by an emerging general consensus that rapidly declining poverty trends during the 1980s had 'got reverscd in the beginning of the 1990s and continued to scale up indiscriminately in Pakistan. Based on this surge and the trends of Pakistan's economic performance, it is being argued that this destitution is likely to be persistent and may become a permanent gesture of this nation. Povcrty has therefore emerged as a major challenge constraining the economic development of the country. In order to cope with this peril, the government of Pakistan is presently in the process of preparing a national poverty allcviation strategy. Historically, poverty has mainly concentrated in rural areas of the country, which are diverse in terms of climate, land fertility, availability of water for irrigation, level of integration with urban sector, population growth and skill levels. Most of the studies relating to poverty focused on the analysis of rural/urban disparities. However, the existing considerable variability in agricultural productivity levels in.different cropping zones suggest that it could be a useful exercise that accommodate these variations while examining the extent and the nature of poverty in the country. Recently, a few studies have considered these variations and determined the: incidence of poverty in the 1980s and the 1990s at the ecological zone levels. The main objective of the paper is to review these studies in order to examine the changes in incidence of poverty across the agro-ecological zones of the country.

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