|Type||Journal Article - Food & Nutrition Bulletin|
|Title||Household income and expenditure surveys: A tool for accelerating the development of evidence-based fortification programs|
|URL||http://www.a2zproject.org/pdf/Household Income and Expenditures Surveys.pdf|
Background. One-third of the world’s population suffers from micronutrient deficiencies due primarily to inadequate dietary intake. Food fortification is often touted as the most promising short- to medium-term strategy for combating these deficiencies. Despite its appealing characteristics, progress in fortification has been slow. Objective. To assess the potential of household food purchase data to fill the food-consumption information gap, which has been an important factor contributing to the slow growth of fortification programs.
Methods. Household income and expenditure survey (HIES) data about: (a) a population’s distribution of apparent household consumption, which are essential to setting safe fortification levels, (b) the proportion of households purchasing “fortifiable” food, and (c) the quantity of food being purchased were used to proxy food-consumption data and develop suggested fortification levels.
Results. The usefulness of the approach in addressing several common fortification program design issues is demonstrated. HIES-based suggested fortification levels are juxtaposed with ones developed using the most common current approach, which relies upon Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Food Balance Sheets.
Conclusions. Despite its limitations, the use of HIES data constitutes a generally unexploited opportunity to address the food-consumption information gap by using survey data that nearly every country of the world is already routinely collecting. HIES data enable the design of fortification programs to become more based on country-specific data and less on general rules of thumb. The more routine use of HIES data constitutes a first step in improving the precision of fortification feasibility analyses and improving estimates of the coverage, costs, and impact of fortification programs.
|»||Bangladesh - Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2000|
|»||Bolivia - Encuesta Continua de Hogares 2002, MECOVI|
|»||Burkina Faso - Enquête sur les Conditions de Vie des Ménages 2003|
|»||Burundi - Enquête Prioritaire 1998|
|»||Cambodia - Socio-Economic Survey 2003-2004|
|»||Cameroon - Deuxième Enquête Camerounaise Auprès des Ménages 2001-2002|
|»||Ethiopia - Household Income, Consumption and Expenditure Survey 1999-2000 - World Bank SHIP Harmonized Dataset|
|»||Ghana - Living Standards Survey IV 1998-1999|
|»||Guatemala - Encuesta Nacional sobre Condiciones de Vida 2000|
|»||Guinea - Enquête Intégrée de Base pour l'Evaluation de la Pauvreté 2002 - 2003|
|»||India - National Sample Survey 2004 (60th round) - Schedule 1.0 - Consumer Expenditure|
|»||Madagascar - Enquête Permanente auprès des Ménages 2001|
|»||Malawi - Second Integrated Household Survey 2004-2005|
|»||Mexico - Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares 2004|
|»||Nigeria - Living Standards Survey 2003|
|»||Philippines - Family Income and Expenditure Survey 2003|
|»||Sierra Leone - Integrated Household Survey 2003-2004|
|»||South Africa - Income and Expenditure Survey 2000|
|»||Tanzania - Household Budget Survey 2000-2001|
|»||Uganda - National Household Survey 2002-2003|