Patterns and Risk Factors of Social Exclusion among Older People in India

Type Working Paper
Title Patterns and Risk Factors of Social Exclusion among Older People in India
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2012
Introduction: Longer life expectancy in many developing countries has increased the number of older people. In India, life expectancy has increased from 38 to 66 years from 1950 to 2015. Consequently, the population aged 60 and over is projected to increase from 5.4 % to 19.1% during the same period. Aging is a process with high dependency in different aspects of life which can increase the risk of exclusion from the main stream of the society. Identifying the main risk factors for social exclusion in different dimensions is essential in promoting intervention to ensure good social life, subsequently high quality of life, for older population. Objectives: The objectives of this study are to describe the patterns of multidimensional social exclusion and examine the main risk factors for social exclusion among older people in India. Methods and Materials: This study used data from the WHO study on global AGEing and Adult health (SAGE), which was conducted among 12,198 individuals lived in 10,424 households aged 18 to 50 years and over in six states of India in 2007. The Indian SAGE is part of the multi-country longitudinal SAGE survey that aims to gather information on the health and wellbeing of adult populations in low- and middle- income countries. A total of 6,500 individuals (58.35%) aged 50 years old and over included in this study. The outcome measures were social exclusion in economic, political, social and cultural dimensions which was later aggregated alsoas multidimensional social exclusion. The main risk factors associated with social exclusion were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression. The analysis was conducted in STATA, statistical package version 10. A p-value 0.05 was used as a significant cut off point.

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