Insight into the Standard of Living of Ghanaian Cocoa Farmers

Type Journal Article - Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Title Insight into the Standard of Living of Ghanaian Cocoa Farmers
Volume 3
Issue 5
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 363-370
URL Pdf/2013/May/031313522 Asamoah et al.pdf
A survey was conducted to provide insight into the standard of living of cocoa farmers in Ghana. A total of 637
households (with 3392 persons) were randomly sampled using a multi staged sampling technique from eleven cocoa
districts in Ghana. Formal questionnaires were used to interview the heads of households on various aspects of their
lives. The objective was to find the total annual household expenditure as a proxy indicator and compare with national
living standards in order to stratify the farmers by poverty status. Results indicated that 7.4 percent of the sampled
population were extremely poor with total annual expenditure less than GH¢443.61 while 11.4 percent were poor with
less than GH¢570.31. An analysis of the poverty gap revealed that a person needed an average of GH¢135.45 (about $68)
or up to GH¢397.00 per annum to be lifted up from extremely poor to the upper poverty line. It could thus, be deduced
that poorer cocoa farmers needed the money equivalent of two bags (125 kg) of dry cocoa to be able to satisfy their
basic consumption needs. It is thus, recommended that the majority small-scale cocoa farmers should be assisted to
adopt yield enhancing technology in order to increase their current low productivity of less than 400 kg.

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