|Type||Working Paper - IFPRI Discussion Paper|
|Title||Strategies for adapting to climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of data sources, poverty reduction stategy programs (PRSP) and national adaptation plans for agriculture (NAPAs) in ASARECA member countries|
The ten ASARECA member countries (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya,
Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) have adopted, or are planning to adopt, a range of
climate change adaptation strategies in agriculture (see Table 1 for a summary).
Of the 26 strategies mentioned, only two are common to all 10 countries, while five more are
common to five or more. The strategies common to all member countries include the development and
promotion of drought-tolerant and early-maturing crop species and exploitation of new and renewable
energy sources. Most countries have areas that are classifiable as arid or semiarid, hence the need to
develop drought-tolerant and early-maturing crops. Strangely, only one country recognizes the conservation
of genetic resources as an important strategy although this is also potentially important for dealing with
drought. Biomass energy resources account for more than 70 percent of total energy consumption in
ASARECA member countries. To mitigate the potential adverse effects of biomass energy depletion,
ASARECA countries plan to harness new and renewable energy sources, including solar power, wind
power, hydro and geothermal sources, and biofuels.
Eight of the 10 countries cite the promotion of rainwater harvesting as an important adaptation
strategy, either small scale with small check dams or large scale with large dam projects.
The five measures that are common to more than five countries are (a) the conservation and
restoration of vegetative cover in degraded and mountain areas; (b) reduction of overall livestock numbers
through sale or slaughter; (c) cross-breeding, zero-grazing, and acquisition of smaller livestock (for
example, sheep or goats); (d) adoption of traditional methods of natural forest conservation and food use;
and (e) community-based management programs for forests, rangelands, and national parks.
The promotion of environmentally friendly investments and Clean Development Mechanism
(CDM) projects that can be funded through carbon trading is a feature of only one country.
Three examples of strategies that warrant greater region wide collaboration are the conservation of
genetic materials, development and promotion of drought-tolerant species, and soil conservation. To date,
the national adaptation policies of only three countries have indicated that they carry out these strategies.
|»||Kenya - Integrated Household Budget Survey 2005-2006|
|»||Rwanda - Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey 2000-2001|
|»||Rwanda - Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey 2005|