|Type||Journal Article - Journal of Agricultural Science and Applications|
|Title||The effect of rural-urban migration on agricultural production in the northern region of Ghana|
Migration has been linked with the rapid population growth in the urban areas in Ghana. This paper examines how rural -urban migration affects agricultural production at the origin of migration. Again, it accounts for the net effect of different migration strategies(temporary and permanent migration) on agricultural production. Sample data of two hundred households from fifteen villages were used
from the Ghana Living Standards Survey 5 (GLSS 5) to examine the socioeconomic characteristics of households which have no migrants,those with temporary migrants and households which have permanent migrants. Cobb Douglas production function and two stage least squares regression model was used to establish the relationship between agricultural production and migration. The findings o
f this paper showed that households whose members engaged in temporary migration had significantly reduced farm production while households whose members engaged in permanent migration had no significant effect on production. The hypothesis of the New Economics of Labour Migration which states that migration facilitates investment and serves as insurance to risks associated with these investments at the origin of
migration does not hold. The loss of labour from the origin of migration for both types of migration appears to keep households held down in poverty. This paper supports the policy which sees to the reduction of rural-urban migration by increasing the per capita income in rural areas through agricultural investment.
|»||Ghana - Living Standards Survey V 2005-2006|
|»||Ghana - Population and Housing Census 2010|