This study examines the use of induced abortion among Cameroonian adolescents and young women, based on biographical data collected in 1997 among young women and men residing in Yaounde. Results suggest a high prevalence of abortion during adolescence and early adulthood (35 percent of all pregnancies reported). Although most clandestine abortions were performed by a physician or a nurse, the prevalence of abortion performed by nonmedical personnel or using unsafe methods is still high, and postabortion health complications are reported for about one-fourth of all abortions. Logistic regression models are used to examine the effect of women's, partners', and relationships' characteristics at the time of pregnancy on the odds that a pregnancy will be terminated through abortion. The analysis shows a significant effect of school enrollment, parity, and stability and social acknowledgment of the sexual relationship on the risk of having an abortion. Young men's involvement in decisions and their motivations concerning abortion are also examined.