This paper looks at the effect of electricity on income, education, health, and labor productivity in Nepal. Our data comes from the Nepal Living Standards Survey-III, conducted in 2010–2011. To account for endogeneity issues, we estimate a simultaneous system of equations via the three-stage least squares (3SLS) method. We find that a household being connected to electricity has a very large and significant effect on income, educational attainment, and agricultural productivity. We find a positive but not significant effect of electricity on health. The effect of electricity on income is measured both directly and through the intermediaries of education, health, and agricultural productivity. The highly significant magnitude of electricity's impact on quality of life makes a powerful argument for the importance of including energy poverty in the development conversation.