Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Journal Article - BMC public health
Title Unintended pregnancy among female sex workers in Mekelle city, northern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
Author(s)
Volume 15
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 40
URL http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/s12889-015-1366-5.pdf
Abstract
Background: Unintended pregnancy is a significant public health concern in the world. Particularly, female sex
workers are exposed to the risk of unintended pregnancy, abortion and their consequences. The aim of this study
was, therefore, to assess unintended pregnancy and associated factors among female sex workers in Mekelle city,
northern Ethiopia.
Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 346 female sex workers from five
Kebelles (smallest administrative units in Ethiopia) of Mekelle city from March-April, 2014. Sex workers were selected
with simple random sampling technique using sampling frame obtained from urban health extension program.
Epi-data version 3.1 was used to enter data and analysis was done using SPSS version 20. Bivariate and multivariate
logistic regressions were performed to identify factors associated with unintended pregnancy using odds ratio and
95% confidence interval with P-value of 0.05.
Results: The magnitude of unintended pregnancy among female sex workers in the past two years was 28.6%.
During this period, 59 women had abortion which represents three-fifths, (59.6%), of those who had unintended
pregnancies, and 17.1% of all female sex workers. Female sex workers who gave birth and had history of abortion
formerly had 3.1 (AOR = 3.07, 95% CI: [1.54, 6.09]) and 15.6 (AOR = 15.64 95% CI: [8.03, 30.47]) times higher odds of
unintended pregnancy compared to their counterparts, respectively. Sex workers who had steady partners had 2.9
(AOR = 2.87, 95% CI: [1.47, 5.61]) times higher odds of have unintended pregnancy than those who hadn’t. Drug
users had 2.7 (AOR = 2.68, 95% CI: [1.30, 5.52]) times higher odds of unintended pregnancy than those who hadn’t
use. Sex workers who had 60–96 months of duration in sex work were 67% less likely to have unintended pregnancy
than those with <12 months (AOR = 0.33, 95% CI: [0.11, 0.95]).
Conclusions: High level of unintended pregnancy and a range of associated factors were identified among sex
workers. Improving utilization of effective pregnancy prevention methods in a consistent manner can avert
the existing high level of unintended pregnancy among female sex workers.

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