This study has two main objectives: 1) to analyze trends and differences in women ' s health, examples of good practices in delivery and financing of women ' s health programs; and the key dimensions of women ' s health that are relevant for the health reforms currently underway in Latin America; and 2) to provide guidance for governments and program designers in addressing the most pressing causes of women ' s ill health, within the context of broader sectoral and national policies. The report is divided into five sections. This overview highlights the rationale for focusing on the topic of women ' s health, along with a conceptual framework for understanding the determinants of women ' s health and the role of health policy. Chapter 1 describes major trends and differentials in women ' s health in Latin America and the Caribbean, grouping countries into four broad categories according to trends in health, demographic, and socioeconomic indicators. Chapter 2 turns to a discussion of success, utilization, and spending on women ' s health, providing the results of new analyses for seven countries. Chapter 3 provides an overview of the links between women ' s health and health reform. It emphasizes potential synergies and opportunities to integrate women ' s health concerns in broader reform initiatives and points out risks to be avoided. The final chapter presents concluding remarks and recommendations.