Fertility in Colombia continues to decline, but the rate of decline has lessened considerably in recent years. The total fertility rate, as determined by the 1986 Demographic and Health Survey, is 3.3 children per woman, and the average number of live births among women who have completed childbearing is 6.1. Rural women continue to have two more children, on average, than do urban women; and women with no education have three more children than do women with secondary schooling. Contraceptive knowledge is virtually universal: Ninety-eight percent of women of reproductive age and 99 percent of married women know of at least one contraceptive method. Contraceptive prevalence among married women has reached 65 percent, and urban-rural differentials in prevalence have declined since 1978--from a difference of 25 percentage points to one of 17 percentage points. The leading method of contraception in Colombia is now female sterilization--18 percent of all married women use this method--followed by the pill, used by 16 percent and the IUD, 11 percent. Ninety-two percent of women who have been sterilized express satisfaction with the operation.