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Citation Information

Type Working Paper - Genetics in Medicine
Title Impact of prenatal technologies on the sex ratio in India: an overview
Issue 16
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 425-432
URL http://www.nature.com/gim/journal/v16/n6/full/gim2013172a.html
The fact that techniques of prenatal diagnosis are used in India and China to selectively eliminate females is widely known. It has been extensively reported in the international media and in scientific publications since the 1990s. The publication of the Census of India 2011 shows that the ratio of girls to boys below the age of 6 years continues to decline at an alarming rate. Following that publication, this topic has again received international attention. The aim of this article is to better inform the human genetics community of the magnitude of this practice and its consequences in India.
In this overview, we examine the impact of prenatal technology on the sex ratio in India. We present facts and figures from the Census of India and other publications that show that the practice is wide spread throughout India, in urban and rural areas, among the rich and the poor, and among the educated and the illiterate. We also briefly discuss the possible causes, consequences, and solutions.

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