Predictors of exclusive breast-feeding in early infancy: a survey report from Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Type Journal Article - Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Title Predictors of exclusive breast-feeding in early infancy: a survey report from Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Volume 25
Issue 6
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2010
Page numbers 463-469
Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) is recommended in the first 6 months of an infant's life. This study aims to investigate the present status of infant feeding practices and identify factors that affect EBF practices during the first 6 months following infant birth in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

A cross-sectional survey with a semistructured questionnaire was given to 312 mothers with children aged 6 to 24 months who visited the immunization clinic in the National Maternal and Child Health Centre in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, from December 2005 to February 2006.

Eighty-three percent of mothers fed breast milk exclusively in the first month, whereas only 51.3% continued EBF in the first 6 months. Within 30 minutes after delivery, 39% of mothers began breast-feeding. Results from logistic regression analysis indicate that the lack of a maternal antenatal EBF plan (odds ratio [OR] = 10.01, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.68–27.24, p < .001), working mothers (OR = 4.71, 95% CI = 2.77–8.01, p < .001), and lack of paternal attendance at breast-feeding classes (OR = 1.93, 95% CI = 1.13–3.28, p < .05) have independently positive associations with cessation of EBF during the first 6 months of infant life.

The findings have helped to identify some important factors affecting EBF practices in the study area in Cambodia. The findings revealed that it is important to educate pregnant mothers, probably through exposure to trained midwives and media, so they may recognize the significance of EBF and will develop intention and plan to feed their babies, keeping in mind the benefits it may yield. Paternal involvement in breast-feeding classes may increase their awareness and consequently complement EBF practices. Finally, development of conducive working environments and policies for working mothers should be carefully explored because it could have positive influence in better care and promotion of EBF

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