A Household Survey on Awareness of Hiv/Aids Among Rural People of Chandbela Vdc Of Eastern Nepal

Type Journal Article - Journal of Nobel Medical College
Title A Household Survey on Awareness of Hiv/Aids Among Rural People of Chandbela Vdc Of Eastern Nepal
Volume 3
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 35-39
URL http://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JoNMC/article/viewFile/12235/9920
Background: In the past 20 years HIV/AIDS has become an increasing global phenomenon. The
rising trend of morbidity and mortality has not only changed the demography but also poses a
huge socio-economic burden on well-being of households, communities and country. In Nepal as
the epidemic is maturing. However, the epidemic has never been maintained in the general
population through heterosexual transmission in Nepal, rather it is driven by the infections
among higher risk populations and their sexual partners. Objectives: To assess the knowledge
about HIV/AIDS among household level. Material and Methods: A household based survey was
conducted in all the nine wards of Chandbela VDC. Interview was conducted using pre-tested
semi structured questionnaire which included socio demographic profile and characteristics to
assess awareness on HIV/AIDS. The data was analyzed to calculate percentages and proportions.
Results: Out of total population (7034), 50.39% were male and 49.60% were female. Majority of
the males and females were literate i.e. 73.58% and 51.37% respectively. Out of 1274
households, 946(74.25%) households were below poverty line, where 19.34% of people did
agriculture for living and 3.3% were migrant worker. Most of the people 73.2% were aware and
had heard about HIV/AIDS from various medium like 24.53% from radio, 15.19% from friends
however, 16.8% of the people never heard of HIV/AIDS. According to 33% of people unsafe
sexual practice could transmit HIV/AIDS and 28.83% of people thought avoiding unsafe sexual
practice can prevent from acquiring HIV/AIDS. Of the total respondents, 61.6% of the people
believed that even a healthy looking person can have HIV/AIDS. Attitude towards HIV/AIDS
patients of majority of population (55.93%) was to avoid any kind of relation or contact with
patient. Conclusion: Although majority of the population were literate, were aware of and had
heard about HIV/AIDS, the attitude towards the patient was not positive.

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