Estado actual de capacidades en adultos mayores institucionalizados de Colima, Mexico

Type Journal Article - Rev Enferm Inst Mex Seguro Soc
Title Estado actual de capacidades en adultos mayores institucionalizados de Colima, Mexico
Volume 20
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2012
Page numbers 91-96
Introduction: In
Mexico, an older adult is a person who is sixty years of age or older. The number
of individuals in this sector is increasing demographically in the national and international setting.
Therefore their welfare should be a health priority regardless of whether they are in public or
private eldercare facilities.
To identify the effect of aging on functional, mental, and social status of older
adults residing in four facilities in the State of Colima.
Methodology: A
descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out
on 149 residents at four
eldercare facilities in the State of Colima. After obtaining informed consent, information was
collected on the individuals who fit inclusion criteria using three validated scales (Barthel
, ,
, ,
, Folstein
and Diaz-Veiga). Study variables were analyzed with descriptive statistics and sex-based
comparison was done with chi square test.
Results: Results:
Results: Results:
Results: Of
the total study population, more than 50% presented some degree of deterioration in
the evaluated abilities. The Barthel scale reported 16 completely independent adults out of the total
number, while the rest presented some degree of functional dependency. Folstein scale registered
only 47 out of 143 adults as mentally fit, and the Diaz-Veiga
scale results registered one 126 out
of one 141 adults with some degree of social deterioration. Sex-based differences were not
statistically significant for any of the scales.
Elder people do not incorporate voluntarily to recreational and care activities
that nursing professional offers them since aging has affected in an important way functional,
mental and social abilities

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