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Citation Information

Type Report
Title Population stabilization policies and programs in Egypt
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2010
City Cairo
Country/State Egypt
URL http://gillespiefoundation.org/uploads/Population_Stabilization_Policies_and_Programs_in_Egypt_by_Dr​._Osama_Refaat.pdf
Egypt has faced major challenges to stabilize its population policies and programs in the last three decades. The government of Egypt has a consciousness of the overpopulation risks with its dimensions and the demographic problem since the 1960s. The policy leader assured that the annual increase in population growth rate will be the main obstacle to the efforts of the government in achieving the economic growth and development. Therefore, Egypt has identified three dimensional population problems, "1- the increase of population growth rate, 2- the unbalanced distribution of population over the land and 3- the decrease in population traits". From this respect, the government of Egypt has considered the population and family planning as one of its national priorities. Despite the efforts exerted over the past decades, and the successes achieved in lowering the population growth rate from 2.8% in 1986 to 1.6% in 2008, the total fertility rate from 5.3 in 1980 to 3 in 2008, the crude birth rate from 39/1000 in 1986 to 26.6/1000 in 2007, the maternal mortality rate from 174/100000 in 1993 to 68/100000 in 2004, Egypt has still a long way to go to overturn the population trend. (EDHS. 2008)

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