: Mathura is one of the oldest and world famous cities of India. Now a days this city is facing the problems related to urbanization. The emigration from rural to urban areas and urban population growth have augmented the fast spreading urbanization in comparison to their available resources to meet out the demand of its accelerated population growth. The district has an area of 3,329.40 km2 and its population was 20.70 lakhs in 2001. The average density of the district was 621 persons km-2. In 2001 the sex ratio was 841 females per 1000 males. In the same period, the literacy rate was 61.46 % (approximately 76 % male and 43 % female). The land use pattern of the district shows a striking change. The forest land, barren land, agriculture land and pasture land area were decreased rapidly day by day due to urbanization.