This research work was conducted to get clear understanding about socio-economic condition and fish consumption patterns of indigenous (Chakma) people of five Upazilas of Rangamati district in Bangladesh from July to December, 2013. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey. The result showed that the indigenous people (Chakma) of studied areas were engaged in diversified professions viz. fisherman (24%), traditional farmer (8%), local businessman (24%), NGO worker (16%) government employee (20%) and others (8%). Their monthly income varied from BDT 5,000 to 30,000. They consumed different types of freshwater and marine fishes. Their average per capita per day fish consumption was 153 g. They consumed 25%, 16%, 13% and 11% of Nappi (traditional fermented fishery product of tribal community), dried fish, small fish (SIS) and large fish respectively per day. The present study revealed that monthly income was positively correlated with average large and small fish consumption and negatively with average dried fish and Nappi consumption.