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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - American journal of clinical pathology
Title Implementation of a National External Quality Assessment Program for Medical Laboratories in Burkina Faso Challenges, Lessons Learned, and Perspectives
Author(s)
Volume 141
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2014
Page numbers 181-187
URL http://ajcp.ascpjournals.org/content/141/2/181.full
Abstract
Objectives: The National External Quality Assessment (NEQA) program of Burkina Faso is a proficiency testing program mandatory for all laboratories in the country since 2006. The program runs two cycles per year and covers all areas of laboratories.

Methods: All panels were validated by the expert committee before dispatch under optimal storage and transport conditions to participating laboratories along with report forms.

Results: Performance in the last 5 years varied by panel, with average annual performance of bacteriology panels for all laboratories rising from 75% in 2006 to 81% in 2010 and with a best average performance of 87% in 2007 and 2008. During the same period, malaria microscopy performance varied from 85% to 94%, with a best average performance of 94% in 2010; chemistry performance increased from 87% to 94%, with a best average annual performance of 97% in 2009. Hematology showed more variation in performance, ranging from 61% to 86%, with a best annual average performance of 90% in 2008. Average annual performance for immunology varied less between 2006 and 2010, recording 97%, 90%, and 95%. Except for malaria microscopy, annual performances for enrolled panels varied substantially from year to year, indicating some difficulty in maintaining consistency in quality.

Conclusions: The main challenges of the NEQA program observed between 2006 to 2010 were funding, sourcing, and safe transportation of quality panels to all laboratories countrywide.

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