A Study of Complications following Self-administration with Medical Abortion Pills

Type Journal Article - Nepal Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Title A Study of Complications following Self-administration with Medical Abortion Pills
Volume 10
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 20-24
URL http://njog.org.np/index.php/njog/article/viewFile/651/617
Aims: The objective of this study was to find out the complications following self-administration with medical abortion pills.
Methods: A prospective descriptive study was conducted in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,Nepal Medical
College over a period of two years from January 2013 to December 2014 among 48 women who were admitted with abortion
complications and also gave history of self-administration of abortion pills.
Results: During the study period, 48 women with history of self-medication with abortion pills were admitted with various
abortion complications. There were 60% of women who had consumed abortion pills within approved nine weeks gestation
while 19% had consumed after nine weeks and 21% after twelve weeks. Majority (60%) were admitted with incomplete
abortion, 4% with missed abortion, 13% with continued live pregnancy, 6.5% with septic abortion and 6.5% with ectopic
pregnancy. Anemia was present in 79% of patient. More than one third of the patient had severe anemia and blood transfusion
was needed in 52%. Surgical evacuation was required in 71% of patient; medical abortion with repeat doses of mifepristone
and misoprostol was done in was done 13% and 6.5% needed laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy.
Conclusions: Though medical abortion is considered to be highly effective and safe procedure, unsupervised selfadministration
of medical abortion pills was associated with serious maternal morbidities. There should be some policy to
restrict over the counter sale of this medicine

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