Tanzania Knowledge Attitudes and Practices Survey 1994.

Type Report
Title Tanzania Knowledge Attitudes and Practices Survey 1994.
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 1995
URL http://www.popline.org/node/292402
The final results of the 1994 Tanzania Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) Survey are presented for measures of fertility, family planning, marriage, sex practices, fertility preferences, and knowledge of AIDS. 97 tables and 13 figures are given. A brief summary analysis is provided at the beginning of each of each of the seven chapters. The survey was of a nationally representative sample of 4225 women 15-49 years old and 2097 men 15-59 years old. This survey provides follow-up data to the 1991-92 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) and uses a subsample of DHS. The summary of findings indicates an increase in contraceptive usage from 10% during 1991-92 to 18% in 1994. Both modern and traditional methods almost doubled. Contraceptive use in urban areas was double that in rural areas. Differences in use patterns by educational level were wide. 41% of women with some secondary education used contraception compared to only 11% among women with no education. Knowledge of at least one contraceptive method increased for women from 74% during 1991-92 to 80% in 1994 and for men from 78% to 86%. Sharp increases occurred in knowledge of condoms (from 51% to 67%) and of injectables (from 40% to 57%). Pills and condoms were some of the most widely known methods. Over 50% of women had heard family planning messages in the media within the 6 months prior to the survey. Knowledge of the correct use of the pill was limited, and practice was deficient. Over 25% of noncontracepting married women desired spacing of the next birth or desired a stop to childbearing. Over 50% of female respondents desired 5 or more children. The mean ideal family size was 5.5 for women and 5.9 for men. Only 7% of women and about 25% of men had more than 1 sexual partner in the year preceding the survey. 98% of men and women were aware of AIDS, and 50-80% knew about syphilis and gonorrhea. About 20% of men and women reported a moderate to great risk of AIDS. Knowledge of prevention of AIDS transmission was widespread. 74% of women and 88% of men reported a change in sex behavior due to the desire to reduce their risk of acquiring AIDS. The most common change was the limitation to one sexual partner. - See more at: http://www.popline.org/node/292402#sthash.hhpgxYYR.dpuf

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