This paper reviews Russia's foreign trade policy and trade-related issues in its World Trade Organization entry negotiations. The disputes between Russia and its major trade partners are analyzed. The discussion focuses on Russia's economic structure, corporate governance, and market access to agriculture and service sectors. Russia's experience is compared with China's entry application to the WTO, and the disputes hindering the final agreement are discussed. Suggestions are made for Russian policy-makers to learn from China to structurally reform Russia's economic and trade regimes to meet WTO requirements and to promote its economic growth and global economic integration.