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Type Journal Article - International Journal of Tropical Disease & Health
Title Prevalence and Factors Associated with Opportunistic Infections in HIV Positive Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in Uganda
Volume 10
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 1-13
URL http://www.sciencedomain.org/media/journals/IJTDH_19/2015/Jul/Rubaihayo1012015IJTDH18953.pdf
Introduction: Opportunistic infections (OIs) remain the single main cause of ill-health and death among HIV/AIDS patients in resource poor countries.

Electronic data were obtained from TASO HIV clinics representing 4 different geographical areas of Uganda. Descriptive statistics were summarized in terms of frequencies and percentages. Logistic regression was used to assess the factors associated with occurrence of OIs. Results: Between 2004 and 2013, a total of 36,133 HIV patients were enrolled on HAART of which two thirds (66%) were female and one third (34%) were male. In univariate analysis, significant differences were observed between male and female ART clients with men being older (median age 36yrs IQR 29-43 vs 32 yrs IQR 26-39, p<0.0001); likely to be more educated(>secondary 31% vs 19%, p<0.0001); likely to be more severely ill(CD4 count<100 26% vs 21%, p<0.0001); were more likely to be married (65% vs 42%, p<0.0001) and were more likely to be formally employed (27% vs 12%, p<0.0001). Mean annual prevalence for any OI in 2004 was 57.6% and in 2013 was 27.5% (X2trend = 122, b= -0.0283, p <0.0001). The most commonly encountered OIs were geohelminths (35%), diarrhea<1 month (18%) and mycobacterium tuberculosis (11%). Factors associated with any OI after HAART were male gender, if from Northern Uganda, low education (

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