This study aimed at shedding light on the phenomenon of urban poverty in the southern territory of Jordan through analyzing the factors affecting the level of poverty of urban families in order to account for this phenomenon. The study was based on four hypotheses to detect the nature of the problem using a descriptive analytical method. The study community was defined as all urban populations over five thousand people to be distinguished from the rural communities. In reality, the number of these communities was 16 urban communities in the study area. Eight urban communities of them were selected. 1588 questionnaires were distributed, and the sample was defined as 5% out of all urban communities. 1500 questionnaires were recovered and, of course, were suitable for statistical analysis. The study used questionnaires to collect data. The study drew several conclusions; of these most notably ones is the existence of a significant relationship between economic factors and increasing rates of urban poverty and the existence of a relationship between government policies to deal with this phenomenon and the increasing rates of urban poverty. The main recommendations of the study were to find out new ways and mechanisms in order to tackle this phenomenon.