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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of Disaster Risk Studies
Title From marginality to further marginalization: Experiences from the victims of the July 2000 Payatas trashslide in the Philippines
Volume 2
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2009
Page numbers 197-215
URL http://dspace.nwu.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10394/8876/Jamba_v2(3)2009_Gaillard_J_&_Cadag_JRD.pdf?seque​nce=1
Victims of disasters are disproportionately drawn from the marginalized segments of society. Disaster
victims are marginalized geographically because they live in hazardous places, socially because they are
members of minority groups, economically because they are poor, and marginalized politically because
their voice is disregarded by those with political power. #e victims of the July 2000 Payatas trash slide
in the Philippines show all these characteristics. Most of the victims of the disaster were urban migrants
who came all the way from their poor provinces to settle on the lower slopes of the largest dumpsite
of the country. #ey scavenged recyclable materials to sell as a way to make a living, but their limited
incomes did not allow them to a$ord safer locations for their homes, farther removed from the slopes of
the dumpsite. On the morning of 10 July 2000, 300 of them lost their lives when a large section of the
dumpsite collapsed in a massive debris %ow which buried their houses. In the aftermath of the disaster,
the survivors who used to live on the dumpsite, and who were the poorest victims, were also those who
were relocated by the Philippine government. In the present case, the most vulnerable families in the face
of the trash slide were eventually those who had to su#er again from life-disrupting relocation while being
the less able to recover quickly from the disaster. Daily incomes of relocated families are today much lower
than those who remained in the vicinity of the dumpsite. For the victims of the July 2000 Payatas tragedy,
poverty thus acted as a vicious, worsening circle which ranged from vulnerability to poor recovery, or from
marginality to further marginalization

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