Italian Historical Migration and Investments in Modern-day Romania

Type Thesis or Dissertation - Master-Thesis
Title Italian Historical Migration and Investments in Modern-day Romania
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2014
The present master thesis analyses the common historical and economic relationship
between Italy and Romania, two countries of Latin origin that have been both founded by
the middle of the 19th century, through the unification of different former states of same
roots, language, culture and history. The thesis is divided into five chapters.
The first chapter covers the middle ages and then the period from the 19th century until
1945, when Italian craftsmen, especially from the provinces of North-Eastern Italy, came to
the newly established Romanian Kingdom, laying the foundation for the nowadays officially
recognized Italian minority in Romania. The second chapter presents the economic and
social relationships between Italy and Romania during the time of the communist regime,
which was imposed to Romania by the Soviet Union after World War 2 and lasted until the
end of 1989. Chapter three presents the status of the Italian minority after the revolution of
1989 and until today. After the fall of the Iron Curtain, the markets of the former communist
states in Eastern Europe were opened to western products and investments.
Also Romania opened its economy step by step during the transitional period from
communism to capitalism and free market. Many Italian companies used the new
opportunities and invested heavily in Romania. In particular, the western historical region
of Banat with its unofficial capital Timisoara became the epicentre of Italian invested
capital. This development along the reasons why exactly this region became so attractive
for Italian companies during the 1990s are presented in the fourth chapter.
Chapter five shows the present situation of Italian companies and provides detailed
information of their economic activity in Romania.

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