Women constitute about half of the population and had contributions for the development of the country in all fields in Ethiopia. In spit to their number and contribution, their participation in managerial positions has consistently lower than men in public organizations in Jimma Zone. It is universally accepted truth that women are the base and fuel for the overall development of a country. However their participation in all spheres of life is mainly at subordinate level and in managerial positions in public organizations are insignificant. Therefore, this study is aimed to assess the factors affecting women participation in managerial position in public organizations in Jimma Zone.