|Type||Journal Article - British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research|
|Title||Is Human Immunodeficiency Virus Still Transmissable through Blood Transfusion in Children with Sickle Cell Anaemia in Jos, Nigeria?|
Aims: To compare the prevalence of HIV infection amongst transfused and non-transfused
children with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) in Jos, Nigeria and explore the factors affecting it.
Study Design: This was a prospective case control study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Paediatrics (Sickle Cell Clinic), Jos University
Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria, between January 2008 and March 2009.
Methodology: A total of 200 transfused children with SCA (117 males and 83 females) were
recruited consecutively and screened for HIV using rapid test kits. A questionnaire was used to
ascertain the details of blood transfusion and other relevant clinical information. Two hundred age
and sex matched non-transfused children with SCA attending the same clinic were recruited as
Results: The prevalence of HIV infection amongst transfused children with SCA was 2%,
compared to 0% in the control group (P=.04). The four HIV positive cases were transfused in
private hospitals with blood of unknown screening status. The number of blood transfusions was
Original Research ArticleBritish Journal of Medicine & Medical Research, 4(21): 3912-3923, 2014
not a significant factor in acquiring HIV infection (P=.78); however remunerative blood donation
increased the risk of acquiring HIV through blood transfusion (AOR=6.28; 95% CI (1.82-9.92);
Conclusion: HIV is still transmissible through blood transfusion and screening of blood before
transfusion is still not completely practiced in Jos, Nigeria. Policies on proper screening of blood
before transfusion and voluntary blood donation should therefore be enforced at all levels of
|»||Nigeria - Population and Housing Census 2006|